When does decentralized production of biogas and centralized upgrading and injection into the natural gas grid make sense?

Evert Jan Hengeveld, Wim van Gemert, Jan Bekkering, A.A. Broekhuis

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

The production of biogas through anaerobic digestion is one of the technological solutions to convert biomass into a readily usable fuel. Biogas can replace natural gas, if the biogas is upgraded to green gas. To contribute to the EU-target to reduce Green House Gases emissions, the installed biogas production capacity and the amount of farm-based biomass, as a feedstock, has to be increased. A model was developed to describe a green gas production chain that consists of several digesters connected by a biogas grid to an
upgrading and injection facility. The model calculates costs and energy use for 1 m3 of green gas. The number of digesters in the chain can be varied to find results for different configurations. Results are presented for a chain with decentralized production of biogas, i.e. a configuration with several digesters, and a centralized green gas production chain using a single digester. The model showed that no energy advantage per produced m3 green gas can be created using a biogas grid and decentralized digesters instead of one large-scale digester. Production costs using a centralized digester are lower, in the range of
5 Vct to 13 Vct per m3, than in a configuration of decentralized digesters. The model calculations also showed the financial benefit for an operator of a small-scale digester wishing to produce green gas in the cooperation with nearby other producers. E.g. subsidies and legislation based on environmental arguments could encourage the use of decentralized digesters in a biogas grid.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)363-371
TijdschriftBiomass and bioenergy
Volume67
DOI's
StatusPublished - aug 2014

Vingerafdruk

natural gas
Biogas
biogas
Natural gas
injection
Gases
gases
gas production (biological)
Biomass
gas
gas production
operator regions
Anaerobic digestion
digester
anaerobic digestion
biomass
energy
subsidies
greenhouse gas emissions
feedstocks

Keywords

  • gasproductie
  • biogas

Citeer dit

@article{432c6476c3244e62a2ea268e312ebcdf,
title = "When does decentralized production of biogas and centralized upgrading and injection into the natural gas grid make sense?",
abstract = "The production of biogas through anaerobic digestion is one of the technological solutions to convert biomass into a readily usable fuel. Biogas can replace natural gas, if the biogas is upgraded to green gas. To contribute to the EU-target to reduce Green House Gases emissions, the installed biogas production capacity and the amount of farm-based biomass, as a feedstock, has to be increased. A model was developed to describe a green gas production chain that consists of several digesters connected by a biogas grid to anupgrading and injection facility. The model calculates costs and energy use for 1 m3 of green gas. The number of digesters in the chain can be varied to find results for different configurations. Results are presented for a chain with decentralized production of biogas, i.e. a configuration with several digesters, and a centralized green gas production chain using a single digester. The model showed that no energy advantage per produced m3 green gas can be created using a biogas grid and decentralized digesters instead of one large-scale digester. Production costs using a centralized digester are lower, in the range of5 Vct to 13 Vct per m3, than in a configuration of decentralized digesters. The model calculations also showed the financial benefit for an operator of a small-scale digester wishing to produce green gas in the cooperation with nearby other producers. E.g. subsidies and legislation based on environmental arguments could encourage the use of decentralized digesters in a biogas grid.",
keywords = "gasproductie, biogas, gasproduction, biogas, green gas, centralized production, decentralized production, biogas pipeline",
author = "Hengeveld, {Evert Jan} and {van Gemert}, Wim and Jan Bekkering and A.A. Broekhuis",
year = "2014",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.05.017",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "363--371",
journal = "Biomass and bioenergy",
issn = "0961-9534",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

When does decentralized production of biogas and centralized upgrading and injection into the natural gas grid make sense? / Hengeveld, Evert Jan; van Gemert, Wim; Bekkering, Jan; Broekhuis, A.A.

In: Biomass and bioenergy, Vol. 67, 08.2014, blz. 363-371.

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - When does decentralized production of biogas and centralized upgrading and injection into the natural gas grid make sense?

AU - Hengeveld, Evert Jan

AU - van Gemert, Wim

AU - Bekkering, Jan

AU - Broekhuis, A.A.

PY - 2014/8

Y1 - 2014/8

N2 - The production of biogas through anaerobic digestion is one of the technological solutions to convert biomass into a readily usable fuel. Biogas can replace natural gas, if the biogas is upgraded to green gas. To contribute to the EU-target to reduce Green House Gases emissions, the installed biogas production capacity and the amount of farm-based biomass, as a feedstock, has to be increased. A model was developed to describe a green gas production chain that consists of several digesters connected by a biogas grid to anupgrading and injection facility. The model calculates costs and energy use for 1 m3 of green gas. The number of digesters in the chain can be varied to find results for different configurations. Results are presented for a chain with decentralized production of biogas, i.e. a configuration with several digesters, and a centralized green gas production chain using a single digester. The model showed that no energy advantage per produced m3 green gas can be created using a biogas grid and decentralized digesters instead of one large-scale digester. Production costs using a centralized digester are lower, in the range of5 Vct to 13 Vct per m3, than in a configuration of decentralized digesters. The model calculations also showed the financial benefit for an operator of a small-scale digester wishing to produce green gas in the cooperation with nearby other producers. E.g. subsidies and legislation based on environmental arguments could encourage the use of decentralized digesters in a biogas grid.

AB - The production of biogas through anaerobic digestion is one of the technological solutions to convert biomass into a readily usable fuel. Biogas can replace natural gas, if the biogas is upgraded to green gas. To contribute to the EU-target to reduce Green House Gases emissions, the installed biogas production capacity and the amount of farm-based biomass, as a feedstock, has to be increased. A model was developed to describe a green gas production chain that consists of several digesters connected by a biogas grid to anupgrading and injection facility. The model calculates costs and energy use for 1 m3 of green gas. The number of digesters in the chain can be varied to find results for different configurations. Results are presented for a chain with decentralized production of biogas, i.e. a configuration with several digesters, and a centralized green gas production chain using a single digester. The model showed that no energy advantage per produced m3 green gas can be created using a biogas grid and decentralized digesters instead of one large-scale digester. Production costs using a centralized digester are lower, in the range of5 Vct to 13 Vct per m3, than in a configuration of decentralized digesters. The model calculations also showed the financial benefit for an operator of a small-scale digester wishing to produce green gas in the cooperation with nearby other producers. E.g. subsidies and legislation based on environmental arguments could encourage the use of decentralized digesters in a biogas grid.

KW - gasproductie

KW - biogas

KW - gasproduction

KW - biogas

KW - green gas

KW - centralized production

KW - decentralized production

KW - biogas pipeline

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/decentralized-production-biogas-centralized-upgrading-injection-natural-gas-grid-make-sense

U2 - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.05.017

DO - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2014.05.017

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 363

EP - 371

JO - Biomass and bioenergy

JF - Biomass and bioenergy

SN - 0961-9534

ER -