What do emotional eaters really need? qualitative results in a vignette study on coaching strategies

Vertaalde titel van de bijdrage: Wat hebben emotionele eters werkelijk nodig? : Kwalitatieve resultaten uit een vignettenstudie over coachingstrategieen

Aranka Dol, Christina Bode, Hugo Velthuijsen, Tatjana van Strien, Lisette van Gemert

Onderzoeksoutput: PosterAcademic


More than 40% of the obese population suffer from emotional eating behaviour. They give in to overeating, because they lack effective coping strategies for negative emotions. Our studies explored the opportunities for helping emotional eaters with a virtual coach. Therefore the objective of this study was to identify preferences for coaching strategies for emotional eaters applicable in a personal virtual coach environment. Three different coaching strategies were tested: a validating, a focus-on-change, and a dialectical.

Instruments: Vignettes, reflecting two most relevant situations for emotional eaters: 1. having food cravings experiencing negative emotions. 2. having given into overeating experiencing feelings of low self-esteem; DEBQ.
Applied Design: 2 situations x 3 coaching strategies.
Participants: 71 female emotional eaters (age mean 44, range 19-70) with high scores on the DEBQ (mean 3,6) with eventual overweight (mean BMI 30,2, range 18-45); recruited via dietist practices), were randomly assigned to the conditions and were asked how they would encounter and react to the presented coaching strategies. Data is obtained by thematic analyses.

Qualitative results showed that emotional eaters clearly preferred dialectical coaching in both conditions. Although this preference is expressed for craving and overeating situations, the other coaching strategies were differently evaluated for both conditions. Our study showed emotional eaters have not only differences in preferences for coaching strategies, they are in different stages of knowledge about emotion regulation.

Design of the virtual coach should be based on integration of the validation and focus-on-change into dialectical coaching strategies as preferred by emotional eaters and has to tailor to the different stages of self-knowledge about emotion regulation.
Vertaalde titel van de bijdrageWat hebben emotionele eters werkelijk nodig? : Kwalitatieve resultaten uit een vignettenstudie over coachingstrategieen
Originele taal-2English
StatusUnpublished - 24 jan. 2019
Evenement8th Annual ARPH Conference: Association for Researchers in Psychology and Health - Hotel Zuiderduin, Egmond aan Zee, Netherlands
Duur: 24 jan. 201925 jan. 2019


Conference8th Annual ARPH Conference
Verkorte titelARPH Conference
StadEgmond aan Zee
Internet adres


  • eetproblemen
  • emoties

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