Time-varying characteristics of saturated hydraulic conductivity in grassed swales based on the ensemble Kalman filter algorithm: A case study of two long-running swales in Netherlands

Feikai Yang, Dafang Fu, Chris Zevenbergen, Floris C Boogaard, Rajendra Prasad Singh

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

Samenvatting

Saturated hydraulic conductivity (Ks) of the filler layer in grassed swales are varying in the changing environment. In most of the hydrological models, Ks is assumed as constant or decrease with a clogging factor. However, the Ks measured on site cannot be the input of the hydrological model directly. Therefore, in this study, an Ensemble Kalman Filter (EnKF) based approach was carried out to estimate the Ks of the whole systems in two monitored grassed swales at Enschede and Utrecht, the Netherlands. The relationship between Ks and possible influencing factors (antecedent dry period, temperature, rainfall, rainfall duration, total rainfall and seasonal factors) were studied and a Multivariate nonlinear function was established to optimize the hydrological model. The results revealed that the EnKF method was satisfying in the Ks estimation, which showed a notable decrease after long-term operation, but revealed a recovery in summer and winter. After the addition of Multivariate nonlinear function of the Ks into hydrological model, 63.8% of the predicted results were optimized among the validation events, and compared with constant Ks. A sensitivity analysis revealed that the effect of each influencing factors on the Ks varies depending on the type of grassed swale. However, these findings require further investigation and data support.

Originele taal-2English
Artikelnummer119760
Aantal pagina's13
TijdschriftJournal of Environmental Management
Volume351
Vroegere onlinedatum12 dec. 2023
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1 feb. 2024

Keywords

  • poaceae
  • Nederland
  • chemische verschijnselen
  • bodem
  • hydrologie
  • greppels

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