Sucking patterns in fullterm infants between birth and 10 weeks of age

Saakje da Costa, Cees van der Schans, Sarai R Boelema, Eva van der Meij, Mieke A Boerman, Arend F Bos

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

OBJECTIVE: Coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing to achieve effective sucking is a complex process and even though sucking is essential for nutrition, little is known about sucking patterns after birth. Our objective was to study sucking patterns in healthy fullterm infants and to describe the age-specific variations.

METHOD: We studied the sucking patterns of 30 healthy, fullterm infants longitudinally from 2 or 3 days after birth to 10 weeks of age. During this time we recorded five to seven feeding episodes that we assessed off-line with the Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS).

RESULTS: We found a normal sucking pattern on the second or third day after birth in 27 out of 30 infants. During the following weeks we found abnormal sucking patterns in 23 out of 171 feeding episodes (14%) and normal patterns in 148 episodes (86%). Altogether, between 38 and 50 weeks' postmenstrual age (10 weeks after birth), 10 infants displayed a deviating, arrhythmical sucking pattern. Dysfunctional sucking patterns and problems of coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing did not occur. Birth weight, gestational age, type of labour and gender did not influence sucking patterns. Arrhythmical sucking was seen more often in bottle-fed infants.

CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that practically all healthy fullterm infants started off with a normal sucking pattern soon after birth. One-third of the infants displayed one or more deviating episodes up to the age of 10 weeks. Apart from bottle-feeding, no other factors were found that influenced sucking patterns.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)61-67
TijdschriftInfant behavior & development
Volume33
Nummer van het tijdschrift1
DOI's
StatusPublished - feb 2010

Keywords

  • borstvoeding
  • flesvoeding
  • zuigelingen

Citeer dit

da Costa, Saakje ; van der Schans, Cees ; Boelema, Sarai R ; van der Meij, Eva ; Boerman, Mieke A ; Bos, Arend F. / Sucking patterns in fullterm infants between birth and 10 weeks of age. In: Infant behavior & development. 2010 ; Vol. 33, Nr. 1. blz. 61-67.
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title = "Sucking patterns in fullterm infants between birth and 10 weeks of age",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing to achieve effective sucking is a complex process and even though sucking is essential for nutrition, little is known about sucking patterns after birth. Our objective was to study sucking patterns in healthy fullterm infants and to describe the age-specific variations.METHOD: We studied the sucking patterns of 30 healthy, fullterm infants longitudinally from 2 or 3 days after birth to 10 weeks of age. During this time we recorded five to seven feeding episodes that we assessed off-line with the Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS).RESULTS: We found a normal sucking pattern on the second or third day after birth in 27 out of 30 infants. During the following weeks we found abnormal sucking patterns in 23 out of 171 feeding episodes (14{\%}) and normal patterns in 148 episodes (86{\%}). Altogether, between 38 and 50 weeks' postmenstrual age (10 weeks after birth), 10 infants displayed a deviating, arrhythmical sucking pattern. Dysfunctional sucking patterns and problems of coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing did not occur. Birth weight, gestational age, type of labour and gender did not influence sucking patterns. Arrhythmical sucking was seen more often in bottle-fed infants.CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that practically all healthy fullterm infants started off with a normal sucking pattern soon after birth. One-third of the infants displayed one or more deviating episodes up to the age of 10 weeks. Apart from bottle-feeding, no other factors were found that influenced sucking patterns.",
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author = "{da Costa}, Saakje and {van der Schans}, Cees and Boelema, {Sarai R} and {van der Meij}, Eva and Boerman, {Mieke A} and Bos, {Arend F}",
note = "Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2010",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.11.007",
language = "English",
volume = "33",
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Sucking patterns in fullterm infants between birth and 10 weeks of age. / da Costa, Saakje; van der Schans, Cees; Boelema, Sarai R; van der Meij, Eva; Boerman, Mieke A; Bos, Arend F.

In: Infant behavior & development, Vol. 33, Nr. 1, 02.2010, blz. 61-67.

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sucking patterns in fullterm infants between birth and 10 weeks of age

AU - da Costa, Saakje

AU - van der Schans, Cees

AU - Boelema, Sarai R

AU - van der Meij, Eva

AU - Boerman, Mieke A

AU - Bos, Arend F

N1 - Copyright 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2010/2

Y1 - 2010/2

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing to achieve effective sucking is a complex process and even though sucking is essential for nutrition, little is known about sucking patterns after birth. Our objective was to study sucking patterns in healthy fullterm infants and to describe the age-specific variations.METHOD: We studied the sucking patterns of 30 healthy, fullterm infants longitudinally from 2 or 3 days after birth to 10 weeks of age. During this time we recorded five to seven feeding episodes that we assessed off-line with the Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS).RESULTS: We found a normal sucking pattern on the second or third day after birth in 27 out of 30 infants. During the following weeks we found abnormal sucking patterns in 23 out of 171 feeding episodes (14%) and normal patterns in 148 episodes (86%). Altogether, between 38 and 50 weeks' postmenstrual age (10 weeks after birth), 10 infants displayed a deviating, arrhythmical sucking pattern. Dysfunctional sucking patterns and problems of coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing did not occur. Birth weight, gestational age, type of labour and gender did not influence sucking patterns. Arrhythmical sucking was seen more often in bottle-fed infants.CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that practically all healthy fullterm infants started off with a normal sucking pattern soon after birth. One-third of the infants displayed one or more deviating episodes up to the age of 10 weeks. Apart from bottle-feeding, no other factors were found that influenced sucking patterns.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing to achieve effective sucking is a complex process and even though sucking is essential for nutrition, little is known about sucking patterns after birth. Our objective was to study sucking patterns in healthy fullterm infants and to describe the age-specific variations.METHOD: We studied the sucking patterns of 30 healthy, fullterm infants longitudinally from 2 or 3 days after birth to 10 weeks of age. During this time we recorded five to seven feeding episodes that we assessed off-line with the Neonatal Oral-Motor Assessment Scale (NOMAS).RESULTS: We found a normal sucking pattern on the second or third day after birth in 27 out of 30 infants. During the following weeks we found abnormal sucking patterns in 23 out of 171 feeding episodes (14%) and normal patterns in 148 episodes (86%). Altogether, between 38 and 50 weeks' postmenstrual age (10 weeks after birth), 10 infants displayed a deviating, arrhythmical sucking pattern. Dysfunctional sucking patterns and problems of coordinating sucking, swallowing and breathing did not occur. Birth weight, gestational age, type of labour and gender did not influence sucking patterns. Arrhythmical sucking was seen more often in bottle-fed infants.CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that practically all healthy fullterm infants started off with a normal sucking pattern soon after birth. One-third of the infants displayed one or more deviating episodes up to the age of 10 weeks. Apart from bottle-feeding, no other factors were found that influenced sucking patterns.

KW - bottle feeding

KW - breast feeding

KW - child development

KW - feeding behavior

KW - infants

KW - infants, newborn

KW - sucking behavior

KW - borstvoeding

KW - flesvoeding

KW - zuigelingen

U2 - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.11.007

DO - 10.1016/j.infbeh.2009.11.007

M3 - Article

VL - 33

SP - 61

EP - 67

JO - Infant behavior & development

JF - Infant behavior & development

SN - 0163-6383

IS - 1

ER -