Success, Failure, and Impact of Local Energy Initiatives in The Netherlands

Lynette Germes (First author), Carina Wiekens, Ina Horlings

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

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In the last decade, the number of local energy initiatives (LEIs) has increased in western European countries. Although several success factors and barriers in the development of LEIs have been studied by other scholars, there has been limited scholarly interest in the overall impact of LEIs so far. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore their impact by determining their achievement. Additionally, levels of engagement were used to categorise the success factors for and barriers that impede this impact. Initiatives in two provinces in the north of the Netherlands were studied. For the data collection, 84 in-depth interviews were conducted with the initiators of LEIs. In general, it can be concluded that the impact of LEIs is limited. Success factors and barriers in the development of LEIs play out at different levels of engagement: the level of the initiative itself; the community level; and the public–private level. Theoretically, this study provides empirical insights on how to measure the impact of LEIs. Furthermore, the study brings together a variety of factors that influence this impact based on the levels of engagement. Practically, this research offers indications on how to contribute to the further development of LEIs.
Originele taal-2English
Aantal pagina's16
Nummer van het tijdschrift22
StatusPublished - 12 nov. 2021


  • lokale energie initiatieven
  • lokale impact
  • lokale energietransitie
  • burgerparticipatie
  • niveaus van betrokkenheid


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