Perceived barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in recipients of solid organ transplantation, a qualitative study

Edwin van Adrichem, Saskia C van de Zande, Rienk Dekker, Erik A M Verschuuren, Pieter U Dijkstra, Cees van der Schans

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

BACKGROUND: Sufficient physical activity is important for solid organ transplant recipients (heart, lung, liver, kidney). However, recipients do not meet the recommended amount or required type of physical activity. The perceived barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in this population are largely unknown.

METHODS: Semi-structured in depth interviews were conducted with solid organ transplant recipients in order to explore experienced barriers and facilitators. Qualitative methodology with thematic line-by-line analysis was used for analysis, and derived themes were classified into personal and environmental factors.

RESULTS: The most important indicated barriers were physical limitations, insufficient energy level, fear, and comorbidities. The most frequently mentioned facilitators included motivation, coping, consequences of (in)activity, routine/habit, goals/goal priority, and responsibility for the transplanted organ. Neutral factors acting as a barrier or facilitator were self-efficacy and expertise of personnel. A comparison of barriers and facilitators between transplant recipient groups yielded no overt differences.

CONCLUSION: Several personal and environmental factors were indicated that should be considered in intervention development to increase physical activity behavior in solid organ transplant recipients.

Originele taal-2English
TijdschriftPLOS one
Volume11
Nummer van het tijdschrift9
DOI's
StatusPublished - 2016

Vingerafdruk

Transplantation (surgical)
organ transplantation
Transplants
Organ Transplantation
physical activity
Exercise
self-efficacy
Architectural Accessibility
environmental factors
Self Efficacy
fearfulness
Liver
Electron energy levels
human resources
Habits
Fear
Comorbidity
Motivation
interviews
lungs

Keywords

  • orgaantransplantatie

Citeer dit

van Adrichem, Edwin ; van de Zande, Saskia C ; Dekker, Rienk ; Verschuuren, Erik A M ; Dijkstra, Pieter U ; van der Schans, Cees. / Perceived barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in recipients of solid organ transplantation, a qualitative study. In: PLOS one. 2016 ; Vol. 11, Nr. 9.
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Perceived barriers to and facilitators of physical activity in recipients of solid organ transplantation, a qualitative study. / van Adrichem, Edwin; van de Zande, Saskia C; Dekker, Rienk; Verschuuren, Erik A M; Dijkstra, Pieter U; van der Schans, Cees.

In: PLOS one, Vol. 11, Nr. 9, 2016.

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

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AU - van Adrichem, Edwin

AU - van de Zande, Saskia C

AU - Dekker, Rienk

AU - Verschuuren, Erik A M

AU - Dijkstra, Pieter U

AU - van der Schans, Cees

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