Non score-dependency: theory and assessment

Robert Harris, Peter van Kranenburg, Bauke de Jong

Onderzoeksoutput: Contribution to conference proceedingAcademicpeer review


Untrained listeners demonstrate implicit knowledge of syntactic patterns
and principles. Untrained generative music ability, for example singing,
humming, and whistling, is a largely unconscious or intuitive application
of these patterns and principles. From the viewpoint of embodied cognition,
listening to music should evoke an internal representation or motor
image which, together with the perception of organized music, should
form the basis of musical cognition. Indeed, that is what listeners demonstrate
when they sing, hum, or whistle familiar and unfamiliar tunes or
when they vocally or orally improvise continuations to interrupted
phrases. Research on vocal improvisation using continuations sung to an
interrupted musical phrase, has shown that one’s cultural background
influences the music generated. That should be the case for instrumentalists
as well: when they play familiar or unfamiliar tunes by ear in different
keys (transposition) or when they improvise variations,
accompaniments, or continuations to interrupted phrases, the music they
generate should reflect the same cognitive structures as their oral improvisations.
This study is attempting to validate a test of (non) scoredependency
that will enable assessment of the music student’s implicit
knowledge of these structures during performance on the principal instrument.
Originele taal-2English
TitelProceedings of ISPS 2011
RedacteurenAaron Williamon, Darryl Edwards, Lee Bartel
Plaats van productieUtrecht
UitgeverijAssociation Européenne des Conservatoires, Académies de Musique et Musikhochschulen (AEC)
ISBN van geprinte versie978-94-90306-02-1
StatusPublished - 2011
Evenement3rd International Symposium on Performance Science (ISPS) 2011: Models of Performance - Faculty of Music, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
Duur: 24 aug 201127 aug 2011
Congresnummer: 3rd


Conference3rd International Symposium on Performance Science (ISPS) 2011
Verkorte titelISPS 2011
Internet adres


  • muziek
  • opvoeding

Vingerafdruk Duik in de onderzoeksthema's van 'Non score-dependency: theory and assessment'. Samen vormen ze een unieke vingerafdruk.

Citeer dit