Moral reasoning explained by personality traits and moral disengagement: a study among Dutch nurse practitioners and physician assistants

Luppo Kuilman, Gerard Jansen, B. Middel, L Mulder, Petrie Roodbol

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

Aim
To explore the direct and indirect effect of the personality meta‐traits ‘Stability’ and ‘Plasticity’ on moral reasoning among nurse practitioners and physician assistants.
Background
Moral reasoning is influenced by being prone to moral disengagement and personality traits. Moral disengagement is observed among professionals in many fields, including healthcare providers. Moral disengagement is known to be provoked by environmental stressors and influenced by certain personality traits.
Design
A cross‐sectional approach was used including self‐report questionnaires.
Methods
A convenience sample of Dutch nurse practitioners (N=67) and physician assistants (N=88) was surveyed via online questionnaires between January and March 2015, using: a) the Defining Issues Test; b) the BIG Five Inventory; and c) the Moral Disengagement Scale. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed for estimating the construct validity of two meta‐traits of personality and to test unidirectional influences on moral reasoning.

Results

Only the Stability trait was a direct predictor of moral reasoning whereas both Stability and Plasticity were precursors of moral disengagement. Both personality meta‐traits had statistically significant indirect effects on moral reasoning through a low level of moral disengagement. The influence of both personality traits on the level of moral reasoning was increased by strong self‐censure on entering into morally disengaged interactions.

Conclusion

The personality meta‐trait ‘Stability’ is an indicator of moral reasoning and is explained by a lower propensity to morally disengage among highly stable people. Although the meta‐trait Plasticity exerts an indirect effect through moral disengagement on moral reasoning, it is not a direct indicator of moral reasoning.
Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)1252-1262
TijdschriftJournal of advanced nursing
Volume75
Nummer van het tijdschrift6
Vroegere onlinedatum21 dec 2018
DOI's
StatusPublished - 1 jun 2019

Keywords

  • verpleegkunde
  • moraal

Citeer dit

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title = "Moral reasoning explained by personality traits and moral disengagement: a study among Dutch nurse practitioners and physician assistants",
abstract = "AimTo explore the direct and indirect effect of the personality meta‐traits ‘Stability’ and ‘Plasticity’ on moral reasoning among nurse practitioners and physician assistants.BackgroundMoral reasoning is influenced by being prone to moral disengagement and personality traits. Moral disengagement is observed among professionals in many fields, including healthcare providers. Moral disengagement is known to be provoked by environmental stressors and influenced by certain personality traits.DesignA cross‐sectional approach was used including self‐report questionnaires.MethodsA convenience sample of Dutch nurse practitioners (N=67) and physician assistants (N=88) was surveyed via online questionnaires between January and March 2015, using: a) the Defining Issues Test; b) the BIG Five Inventory; and c) the Moral Disengagement Scale. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed for estimating the construct validity of two meta‐traits of personality and to test unidirectional influences on moral reasoning.ResultsOnly the Stability trait was a direct predictor of moral reasoning whereas both Stability and Plasticity were precursors of moral disengagement. Both personality meta‐traits had statistically significant indirect effects on moral reasoning through a low level of moral disengagement. The influence of both personality traits on the level of moral reasoning was increased by strong self‐censure on entering into morally disengaged interactions.ConclusionThe personality meta‐trait ‘Stability’ is an indicator of moral reasoning and is explained by a lower propensity to morally disengage among highly stable people. Although the meta‐trait Plasticity exerts an indirect effect through moral disengagement on moral reasoning, it is not a direct indicator of moral reasoning.",
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author = "Luppo Kuilman and Gerard Jansen and B. Middel and L Mulder and Petrie Roodbol",
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Moral reasoning explained by personality traits and moral disengagement : a study among Dutch nurse practitioners and physician assistants. / Kuilman, Luppo; Jansen, Gerard; Middel, B.; Mulder, L; Roodbol, Petrie.

In: Journal of advanced nursing, Vol. 75, Nr. 6, 01.06.2019, blz. 1252-1262.

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Moral reasoning explained by personality traits and moral disengagement

T2 - a study among Dutch nurse practitioners and physician assistants

AU - Kuilman, Luppo

AU - Jansen, Gerard

AU - Middel, B.

AU - Mulder, L

AU - Roodbol, Petrie

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - AimTo explore the direct and indirect effect of the personality meta‐traits ‘Stability’ and ‘Plasticity’ on moral reasoning among nurse practitioners and physician assistants.BackgroundMoral reasoning is influenced by being prone to moral disengagement and personality traits. Moral disengagement is observed among professionals in many fields, including healthcare providers. Moral disengagement is known to be provoked by environmental stressors and influenced by certain personality traits.DesignA cross‐sectional approach was used including self‐report questionnaires.MethodsA convenience sample of Dutch nurse practitioners (N=67) and physician assistants (N=88) was surveyed via online questionnaires between January and March 2015, using: a) the Defining Issues Test; b) the BIG Five Inventory; and c) the Moral Disengagement Scale. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed for estimating the construct validity of two meta‐traits of personality and to test unidirectional influences on moral reasoning.ResultsOnly the Stability trait was a direct predictor of moral reasoning whereas both Stability and Plasticity were precursors of moral disengagement. Both personality meta‐traits had statistically significant indirect effects on moral reasoning through a low level of moral disengagement. The influence of both personality traits on the level of moral reasoning was increased by strong self‐censure on entering into morally disengaged interactions.ConclusionThe personality meta‐trait ‘Stability’ is an indicator of moral reasoning and is explained by a lower propensity to morally disengage among highly stable people. Although the meta‐trait Plasticity exerts an indirect effect through moral disengagement on moral reasoning, it is not a direct indicator of moral reasoning.

AB - AimTo explore the direct and indirect effect of the personality meta‐traits ‘Stability’ and ‘Plasticity’ on moral reasoning among nurse practitioners and physician assistants.BackgroundMoral reasoning is influenced by being prone to moral disengagement and personality traits. Moral disengagement is observed among professionals in many fields, including healthcare providers. Moral disengagement is known to be provoked by environmental stressors and influenced by certain personality traits.DesignA cross‐sectional approach was used including self‐report questionnaires.MethodsA convenience sample of Dutch nurse practitioners (N=67) and physician assistants (N=88) was surveyed via online questionnaires between January and March 2015, using: a) the Defining Issues Test; b) the BIG Five Inventory; and c) the Moral Disengagement Scale. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was employed for estimating the construct validity of two meta‐traits of personality and to test unidirectional influences on moral reasoning.ResultsOnly the Stability trait was a direct predictor of moral reasoning whereas both Stability and Plasticity were precursors of moral disengagement. Both personality meta‐traits had statistically significant indirect effects on moral reasoning through a low level of moral disengagement. The influence of both personality traits on the level of moral reasoning was increased by strong self‐censure on entering into morally disengaged interactions.ConclusionThe personality meta‐trait ‘Stability’ is an indicator of moral reasoning and is explained by a lower propensity to morally disengage among highly stable people. Although the meta‐trait Plasticity exerts an indirect effect through moral disengagement on moral reasoning, it is not a direct indicator of moral reasoning.

KW - nursing

KW - morality

KW - verpleegkunde

KW - moraal

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/moral-reasoning-explained-personality-traits-moral-disengagement-study-among-dutch-nurse-practitione

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DO - https://doi.org/10.1111/jan.13939

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SP - 1252

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JO - Journal of advanced nursing

JF - Journal of advanced nursing

SN - 0309-2402

IS - 6

ER -