Lifestyle approaches for people with intellectual disabilities: a systematic multiple case analysis

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Abstract
Background: Healthcare organizations supporting individuals with Intellectual Disabilities (ID) carry out a range of interventions to support and improve a healthy lifestyle. However, it is difficult to implement an active and healthy lifestyle into daily support. The presence of numerous intervention components, multiple levels of influence, and the explicit use of theory are factors that are considered to be essential for implementation in practice. A comprehensive written lifestyle policy provides for sustainability of a lifestyle approach. It is unknown to what extent these crucial factors for successful implementation are taken into consideration by healthcare organizations supporting this population.
Aim: To analyze the intervention components, levels of influence, explicit use of theory, and conditions for sustainability of currently used lifestyle interventions within lifestyle approaches aiming at physical activity and nutrition in healthcare organizations supporting people with ID.
Methods: In this descriptive multiple case study of nine healthcare organizations, qualitative data of the lifestyle approaches with accompanying interventions and their components were compiled with a newly developed online inventory form.
Results: From nine healthcare organizations, 59 interventions were included of which 31% aimed to improve physical activity, 10% nutrition, and 59% a combination of both. Most (49%) interventions aimed at the educational component and less at daily (19%) and generic activities (16%) and the evaluation component (16%). Most interventions targeted individuals with ID and the professionals whereas social levels were underrepresented. Although 52% of the interventions were structurally embedded, only ten out of the 59 interventions were theory-driven.
Conclusion: Healthcare organizations could improve their lifestyle approaches by using an explicit theoretical basis by expanding the current focus of the interventions that primarily concentrate on their clients and professionals towards also targeting the social and external environment as well as the introduction of a written lifestyle policy. This policy should encompass all interventions and should be the responsibility of those in the organization working with individuals with ID. In conclusion, comprehensive, integrated, and theory-driven approaches at multiple levels should be promoted.
Originele taal-2English
StatusPublished - 20 jun 2017
EvenementHealth Issues SIRG 2017 Conference in Belfast - Belfast, Ireland
Duur: 19 jun 201720 jun 2017

Conference

ConferenceHealth Issues SIRG 2017 Conference in Belfast
LandIreland
StadBelfast
Periode19/06/1720/06/17

Keywords

  • verstandelijk gehandicapten
  • leefstijlen

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