Feasibility and reliability of body composition measurements in adults with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities

A Waninge, W van der Weide, I J Evenhuis, R van Wijck, Cees van der Schans

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

Uittreksel

BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measurements are widely used to reliably quantify body composition and to estimate risks of overweight in healthy subjects and in patients. However, information about the reliability of anthropometric measurements in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities is lacking.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and the test-retest reliability of body composition measures in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities.

METHOD: The study population consisted of 45 subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Body mass index, waist circumference, skin folds and tibia length were measured. Reliability was assessed by Wilcoxon signed rank test, limits of agreement (LOA) and intraclass correlation coefficients. The outcomes were compared with values provided by the World Health Organization.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences between test and retest (P < 0.05). For the skinfold measurements, however, the LOA was insufficient. Intraclass correlation coefficients for all variables, except skinfold measurements, were 0.90 or above.

CONCLUSION: Test-retest reliability and feasibility for all measurements are acceptable in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Skinfold measurements, however, could not be reliably performed in these subjects. Measuring tibia length and using the determined formula to calculate body height from tibia length is a reliable alternative for measuring body height. Although measuring the body height of subjects with severe disabilities was feasible, measuring tibia length was more feasible.

Originele taal-2English
Pagina's (van-tot)377-388
TijdschriftJournal of intellectual disability research
Volume53
Nummer van het tijdschrift4
DOI's
StatusPublished - apr 2009

Keywords

  • volwassene
  • antropometrie
  • lichaamscompositie
  • haalbaarheidsstudies
  • vrouwelijk
  • mensen
  • intellectuele onbekwaamheid
  • mannelijk
  • sensatie aandoeningen
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • gezichtsaandoeningen
  • tijdschrifartikel
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Citeer dit

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title = "Feasibility and reliability of body composition measurements in adults with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measurements are widely used to reliably quantify body composition and to estimate risks of overweight in healthy subjects and in patients. However, information about the reliability of anthropometric measurements in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities is lacking.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and the test-retest reliability of body composition measures in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities.METHOD: The study population consisted of 45 subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Body mass index, waist circumference, skin folds and tibia length were measured. Reliability was assessed by Wilcoxon signed rank test, limits of agreement (LOA) and intraclass correlation coefficients. The outcomes were compared with values provided by the World Health Organization.RESULTS: There were no significant differences between test and retest (P < 0.05). For the skinfold measurements, however, the LOA was insufficient. Intraclass correlation coefficients for all variables, except skinfold measurements, were 0.90 or above.CONCLUSION: Test-retest reliability and feasibility for all measurements are acceptable in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Skinfold measurements, however, could not be reliably performed in these subjects. Measuring tibia length and using the determined formula to calculate body height from tibia length is a reliable alternative for measuring body height. Although measuring the body height of subjects with severe disabilities was feasible, measuring tibia length was more feasible.",
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author = "A Waninge and {van der Weide}, W and Evenhuis, {I J} and {van Wijck}, R and {van der Schans}, Cees",
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Feasibility and reliability of body composition measurements in adults with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. / Waninge, A; van der Weide, W; Evenhuis, I J; van Wijck, R; van der Schans, Cees.

In: Journal of intellectual disability research, Vol. 53, Nr. 4, 04.2009, blz. 377-388.

Onderzoeksoutput: ArticleAcademicpeer review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Feasibility and reliability of body composition measurements in adults with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities

AU - Waninge, A

AU - van der Weide, W

AU - Evenhuis, I J

AU - van Wijck, R

AU - van der Schans, Cees

PY - 2009/4

Y1 - 2009/4

N2 - BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measurements are widely used to reliably quantify body composition and to estimate risks of overweight in healthy subjects and in patients. However, information about the reliability of anthropometric measurements in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities is lacking.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and the test-retest reliability of body composition measures in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities.METHOD: The study population consisted of 45 subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Body mass index, waist circumference, skin folds and tibia length were measured. Reliability was assessed by Wilcoxon signed rank test, limits of agreement (LOA) and intraclass correlation coefficients. The outcomes were compared with values provided by the World Health Organization.RESULTS: There were no significant differences between test and retest (P < 0.05). For the skinfold measurements, however, the LOA was insufficient. Intraclass correlation coefficients for all variables, except skinfold measurements, were 0.90 or above.CONCLUSION: Test-retest reliability and feasibility for all measurements are acceptable in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Skinfold measurements, however, could not be reliably performed in these subjects. Measuring tibia length and using the determined formula to calculate body height from tibia length is a reliable alternative for measuring body height. Although measuring the body height of subjects with severe disabilities was feasible, measuring tibia length was more feasible.

AB - BACKGROUND: Anthropometric measurements are widely used to reliably quantify body composition and to estimate risks of overweight in healthy subjects and in patients. However, information about the reliability of anthropometric measurements in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities is lacking.OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the feasibility and the test-retest reliability of body composition measures in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities.METHOD: The study population consisted of 45 subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Body mass index, waist circumference, skin folds and tibia length were measured. Reliability was assessed by Wilcoxon signed rank test, limits of agreement (LOA) and intraclass correlation coefficients. The outcomes were compared with values provided by the World Health Organization.RESULTS: There were no significant differences between test and retest (P < 0.05). For the skinfold measurements, however, the LOA was insufficient. Intraclass correlation coefficients for all variables, except skinfold measurements, were 0.90 or above.CONCLUSION: Test-retest reliability and feasibility for all measurements are acceptable in subjects with severe intellectual and sensory disabilities. Skinfold measurements, however, could not be reliably performed in these subjects. Measuring tibia length and using the determined formula to calculate body height from tibia length is a reliable alternative for measuring body height. Although measuring the body height of subjects with severe disabilities was feasible, measuring tibia length was more feasible.

KW - Adult

KW - Anthropometry

KW - Body Composition

KW - Feasibility Studies

KW - Female

KW - Humans

KW - Intellectual Disability

KW - Male

KW - Sensation Disorders

KW - Severity of Illness Index

KW - Vision Disorders

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

KW - volwassene

KW - antropometrie

KW - lichaamscompositie

KW - haalbaarheidsstudies

KW - vrouwelijk

KW - mensen

KW - intellectuele onbekwaamheid

KW - mannelijk

KW - sensatie aandoeningen

KW - Severity of Illness Index

KW - gezichtsaandoeningen

KW - tijdschrifartikel

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2788.2009.01153.x

M3 - Article

VL - 53

SP - 377

EP - 388

JO - Journal of intellectual disability research

JF - Journal of intellectual disability research

SN - 1365-2788

IS - 4

ER -