Which HRM practices enhance employee outcomes at work across the life-span?

Klaske Veth, Hubert P.L.M. Korzilius, Beatrice I.J.M. van der Heijden, Ben Emans, Annet H. de Lange

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    Abstract

    Based on the social exchange theory and on ageing and life-span theories, this paper aims to examine: (1) the relationships between perceived availability and use of HRM practices, and employee outcomes (i.e. work engagement and employability); and (2) how employee age moderates these relationships. Using a sample of Nmaximum = 1589 employees, correlational analyses and multiple hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. First, confirming our hypotheses, results showed predominantly positive relationships between work engagement and both perceived availability and use of development HRM practices, such as HRM practices related to learning, development, and incorporating new tasks. The study outcomes opposed, however, our hypotheses with predominantly negative relationships between work engagement and perceived availability and use of maintenance HRM practices. Predominantly positive relationships were furthermore found, as was hypothesized, between employability and perceived availability and use of development as well as maintenance HRM practices. Generally speaking, these results were not more pronounced for any of the age groups. That is, age appeared to not play any significant moderating role. Research limitations, implications for practice and directions for future work are also discussed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2777-2808
    JournalThe international journal of human resource management
    Volume30
    Issue number19
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019

    Keywords

    • hrm
    • employability
    • life-span

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