Using peer instruction with hints in introductory business statistics

Ning Ding, Xiaoyan Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose - Peer instruction has been widely adopted as an instructional method in higher education. However, due to students' different preconceptions, the authors argued that peer instruction is not a panacea in international business education when students' prior knowledge extensively varies. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach - In this experimental study, the authors focused on three conditions of an introductory statistics course: individual problem solving, peer instruction, and peer instruction with hints. Findings - The authors have found students in peer instruction with hints class did not only outperform in the final exam, but also achieved the highest frequency of successful conceptual changes in comparison with their counterparts in the other two classes. Practical implications - Providing instructional hints to improve the effectiveness of peer instruction may shed light on classroom instruction in higher education. Originality/value - As for international business education, this was a unique exploration to capture students' conceptual changes using clickers. The authors believed this research paper will help the education practitioners to know their business students better.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-71
JournalJournal of International Education in Business
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2014


  • business statistics
  • clickers
  • conceptual change
  • peer instruction


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