The role of diet and physical activity in post-transplant weight gain after renal transplantation

D.M. Zelle, T Kok, Manon L. Dontje, E.I. Danchell, G. Navis, W.J. van Son, S.J. Bakker, E. Corpeleijn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Long-term survival of renal transplant recipients (RTR) has not improved over the past 20 yr. The question rises to what extent lifestyle factors play a role in post-transplant weight gain and its associated risks after transplantation.

METHODS:

Twenty-six RTR were measured for body weight, body composition, blood lipids, renal function, dietary intake, and physical activity at six wk, and three, six, and 12 months after transplantation.

RESULTS:

Weight gain ranged between -2.4 kg and 19.5 kg and was largely due to increase in body fat. RTR who remained body fat stable, showed more daily physical activity (p = 0.014), tended to consume less energy from drinks and dairy (p = 0.054), consumed less mono- and disaccharides (sugars) (p = 0.021) and ate more vegetables (p = 0.043) compared with those who gained body fat. Gain in body fat was strongly related to total cholesterol (r = 0.46, p = 0.017) and triglyceride (r = 0.511, p = 0.011) at one yr after transplantation.

CONCLUSIONS:

Gain in adiposity after renal transplantation is related to lifestyle factors such as high consumption of energy-rich drinks, high intake of mono- and disaccharides and low daily physical activity. RCTs are needed to investigate potential benefits of lifestyle intervention on long-term morbidity and mortality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)484-490
JournalClinical transplantation
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • transplantation

Cite this

Zelle, D. M., Kok, T., Dontje, M. L., Danchell, E. I., Navis, G., van Son, W. J., ... Corpeleijn, E. (2013). The role of diet and physical activity in post-transplant weight gain after renal transplantation. Clinical transplantation, 27(4), 484-490. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.12149
Zelle, D.M. ; Kok, T ; Dontje, Manon L. ; Danchell, E.I. ; Navis, G. ; van Son, W.J. ; Bakker, S.J. ; Corpeleijn, E. / The role of diet and physical activity in post-transplant weight gain after renal transplantation. In: Clinical transplantation. 2013 ; Vol. 27, No. 4. pp. 484-490.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Long-term survival of renal transplant recipients (RTR) has not improved over the past 20 yr. The question rises to what extent lifestyle factors play a role in post-transplant weight gain and its associated risks after transplantation.METHODS: Twenty-six RTR were measured for body weight, body composition, blood lipids, renal function, dietary intake, and physical activity at six wk, and three, six, and 12 months after transplantation.RESULTS: Weight gain ranged between -2.4 kg and 19.5 kg and was largely due to increase in body fat. RTR who remained body fat stable, showed more daily physical activity (p = 0.014), tended to consume less energy from drinks and dairy (p = 0.054), consumed less mono- and disaccharides (sugars) (p = 0.021) and ate more vegetables (p = 0.043) compared with those who gained body fat. Gain in body fat was strongly related to total cholesterol (r = 0.46, p = 0.017) and triglyceride (r = 0.511, p = 0.011) at one yr after transplantation.CONCLUSIONS: Gain in adiposity after renal transplantation is related to lifestyle factors such as high consumption of energy-rich drinks, high intake of mono- and disaccharides and low daily physical activity. RCTs are needed to investigate potential benefits of lifestyle intervention on long-term morbidity and mortality.",
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Zelle, DM, Kok, T, Dontje, ML, Danchell, EI, Navis, G, van Son, WJ, Bakker, SJ & Corpeleijn, E 2013, 'The role of diet and physical activity in post-transplant weight gain after renal transplantation' Clinical transplantation, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 484-490. https://doi.org/10.1111/ctr.12149

The role of diet and physical activity in post-transplant weight gain after renal transplantation. / Zelle, D.M.; Kok, T; Dontje, Manon L.; Danchell, E.I.; Navis, G.; van Son, W.J.; Bakker, S.J.; Corpeleijn, E.

In: Clinical transplantation, Vol. 27, No. 4, 2013, p. 484-490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of diet and physical activity in post-transplant weight gain after renal transplantation

AU - Zelle, D.M.

AU - Kok, T

AU - Dontje, Manon L.

AU - Danchell, E.I.

AU - Navis, G.

AU - van Son, W.J.

AU - Bakker, S.J.

AU - Corpeleijn, E.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - BACKGROUND: Long-term survival of renal transplant recipients (RTR) has not improved over the past 20 yr. The question rises to what extent lifestyle factors play a role in post-transplant weight gain and its associated risks after transplantation.METHODS: Twenty-six RTR were measured for body weight, body composition, blood lipids, renal function, dietary intake, and physical activity at six wk, and three, six, and 12 months after transplantation.RESULTS: Weight gain ranged between -2.4 kg and 19.5 kg and was largely due to increase in body fat. RTR who remained body fat stable, showed more daily physical activity (p = 0.014), tended to consume less energy from drinks and dairy (p = 0.054), consumed less mono- and disaccharides (sugars) (p = 0.021) and ate more vegetables (p = 0.043) compared with those who gained body fat. Gain in body fat was strongly related to total cholesterol (r = 0.46, p = 0.017) and triglyceride (r = 0.511, p = 0.011) at one yr after transplantation.CONCLUSIONS: Gain in adiposity after renal transplantation is related to lifestyle factors such as high consumption of energy-rich drinks, high intake of mono- and disaccharides and low daily physical activity. RCTs are needed to investigate potential benefits of lifestyle intervention on long-term morbidity and mortality.

AB - BACKGROUND: Long-term survival of renal transplant recipients (RTR) has not improved over the past 20 yr. The question rises to what extent lifestyle factors play a role in post-transplant weight gain and its associated risks after transplantation.METHODS: Twenty-six RTR were measured for body weight, body composition, blood lipids, renal function, dietary intake, and physical activity at six wk, and three, six, and 12 months after transplantation.RESULTS: Weight gain ranged between -2.4 kg and 19.5 kg and was largely due to increase in body fat. RTR who remained body fat stable, showed more daily physical activity (p = 0.014), tended to consume less energy from drinks and dairy (p = 0.054), consumed less mono- and disaccharides (sugars) (p = 0.021) and ate more vegetables (p = 0.043) compared with those who gained body fat. Gain in body fat was strongly related to total cholesterol (r = 0.46, p = 0.017) and triglyceride (r = 0.511, p = 0.011) at one yr after transplantation.CONCLUSIONS: Gain in adiposity after renal transplantation is related to lifestyle factors such as high consumption of energy-rich drinks, high intake of mono- and disaccharides and low daily physical activity. RCTs are needed to investigate potential benefits of lifestyle intervention on long-term morbidity and mortality.

KW - transplantatie

KW - transplantation

U2 - 10.1111/ctr.12149

DO - 10.1111/ctr.12149

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 484

EP - 490

JO - Clinical transplantation

JF - Clinical transplantation

SN - 1399-0012

IS - 4

ER -