The origin of mimicry: deception or merely coincidence?

Bram Wiggers, Harmen de Weerd

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperOther research output

Abstract

One of the most remarkable phenomena in nature is mimicry,
in which one species (the mimic) evolves to imitate the phenotype of
another species (the model). Several reasons for the origin of mimicry
have been proposed, but no definitive conclusion has been found yet. In
this paper, we test several of these hypotheses through an agent based coevolutionary
model. In particular, we consider two possible alternatives:
(1) Deception, in which mimics evolve to imitate the phenotype of models
that predators avoid to eat, and (2) Coincidence, in which models evolve
a warning color to avoid predation, which coincidentally benefits the
mimics. Our agent-based simulation shows that both these hypotheses
are plausible origins for mimicry, but also that once a mimicry situation
has been established through coincidence, mimics will take advantage of
the possibility for deception as well.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages15
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 8 Nov 2017
EventThe 29th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence - Het Kasteel, Groningen, Netherlands
Duration: 8 Nov 20179 Nov 2017
Conference number: 29
http://bnaic2017.ai.rug.nl/

Conference

ConferenceThe 29th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence
Abbreviated titleBNAIC 2017
CountryNetherlands
CityGroningen
Period8/11/179/11/17
Internet address

Keywords

  • agent-based modeling
  • mimicry
  • co-evolution

Cite this

Wiggers, B., & de Weerd, H. (Accepted/In press). The origin of mimicry: deception or merely coincidence?. Paper presented at The 29th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Groningen, Netherlands.
Wiggers, Bram ; de Weerd, Harmen. / The origin of mimicry : deception or merely coincidence?. Paper presented at The 29th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Groningen, Netherlands.15 p.
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Wiggers, B & de Weerd, H 2017, 'The origin of mimicry: deception or merely coincidence?' Paper presented at The 29th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Groningen, Netherlands, 8/11/17 - 9/11/17, .

The origin of mimicry : deception or merely coincidence? / Wiggers, Bram; de Weerd, Harmen.

2017. Paper presented at The 29th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Groningen, Netherlands.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperOther research output

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AU - de Weerd, Harmen

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AB - One of the most remarkable phenomena in nature is mimicry,in which one species (the mimic) evolves to imitate the phenotype ofanother species (the model). Several reasons for the origin of mimicryhave been proposed, but no definitive conclusion has been found yet. Inthis paper, we test several of these hypotheses through an agent based coevolutionarymodel. In particular, we consider two possible alternatives:(1) Deception, in which mimics evolve to imitate the phenotype of modelsthat predators avoid to eat, and (2) Coincidence, in which models evolvea warning color to avoid predation, which coincidentally benefits themimics. Our agent-based simulation shows that both these hypothesesare plausible origins for mimicry, but also that once a mimicry situationhas been established through coincidence, mimics will take advantage ofthe possibility for deception as well.

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Wiggers B, de Weerd H. The origin of mimicry: deception or merely coincidence?. 2017. Paper presented at The 29th Benelux Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Groningen, Netherlands.