The results obtained in this study are encouraging and important for the implementation of permeable pavement and swales in The Netherlands, since the performance of SUDS in delta areas and in areas in the world with comparable hydraulic circumstances has been viewed with skepticism. The research undertaken on Dutch SUDS field installations has demonstrated with new, full scale monitoring methods that most of the bioretention swales and permeable pavements tested in this study meet the required hydraulic performance levels even after years in operation and without maintenance. Standardized tests of sedimentation devices however demonstrated that these facilities have a limited effectiveness for particles smaller than 60 µm while receiving a normal hydraulic loading. The applied methods of full scale testing of SUDS can easily be applied to observe the hydraulic performance of swales and permeable pavement after years of operation. Innovative monitoring methods and visualization of these experiments using video footage allows real-time observation of the entire infiltration process. Recording these observations in a logbook can provide insight in their demand of maintenance and can also help to improve their design.
|Publication status||Published - 8 Jul 2015|
- drainage systems
- permeable pavement
- settlement devices