Stock versus CAD/CAM customized zirconia implant abutments - clinical and patient-based outcomes in a randomized controlled clinical trial

Ulf Schepke, Henny J A Meijer, Wouter Kerdijk, Gerry M Raghoebar, Marco Cune

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: Single-tooth replacement often requires a prefabricated dental implant and a customized crown. The benefits of individualization of the abutment remain unclear.

PURPOSE: This randomized controlled clinical trial aims to study potential benefits of individualization of zirconia implant abutments with respect to preservation of marginal bone level and several clinical and patient-based outcome measures.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty participants with a missing premolar were included and randomly assigned to standard (ZirDesign, DentsplySirona Implants, Mölndal, Sweden) or computer aided design/computer aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) customized (Atlantis, DentsplySirona Implants, Mölndal, Sweden) zirconia abutment therapy. Peri-implant bone level (primary outcome), Plaque-index, calculus formation, bleeding on probing, gingiva index, probing pocket depth, recession, appearance of soft tissues and patients' contentment were assessed shortly after placement and one year later.

RESULTS: No implants were lost and no complications related to the abutments were observed. Statistically significant differences between stock and CAD/CAM customized zirconia abutments could not be demonstrated for any of the operationalized variables.

CONCLUSION: The use of a CAD/CAM customized zirconia abutment in single tooth replacement of a premolar is not associated with an improvement in clinical performance or patients' contentment when compared to the use of a stock zirconia abutment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-84
JournalClinical implant dentistry and related research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • dentistry
  • implants

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