Social loafing under fatigue

Claudia Y.D. van Orden, Tony Gaillard, Bram Buunk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

In 2 experiments, 64 male students worked almost continuously for 20 hr without sleep under varying social conditions. In Experiment 1, participants worked either individually or as a group. As hypothesized, performance deteriorated over time, especially in the group condition, which allowed participants to loaf. In Experiment 2, all participants worked in groups. They were instructed that public feedback would be provided either on the group result only or on the individual results of all group members. As expected, when individual results were made public, performance deteriorated less. Overall, the data suggest that fatigue increases social loafing. However, both individualizing the task and providing public individual feedback seem to counteract these effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179-1190
JournalJournal of personality and social psychology
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1998

Keywords

  • sociology
  • fatigue
  • group dynamics

Cite this

van Orden, Claudia Y.D. ; Gaillard, Tony ; Buunk, Bram . / Social loafing under fatigue. In: Journal of personality and social psychology. 1998 ; Vol. 75, No. 5. pp. 1179-1190.
@article{a0d6b535a73c4938b810213c425d8f90,
title = "Social loafing under fatigue",
abstract = "In 2 experiments, 64 male students worked almost continuously for 20 hr without sleep under varying social conditions. In Experiment 1, participants worked either individually or as a group. As hypothesized, performance deteriorated over time, especially in the group condition, which allowed participants to loaf. In Experiment 2, all participants worked in groups. They were instructed that public feedback would be provided either on the group result only or on the individual results of all group members. As expected, when individual results were made public, performance deteriorated less. Overall, the data suggest that fatigue increases social loafing. However, both individualizing the task and providing public individual feedback seem to counteract these effects.",
keywords = "sociology, fatigue, group dynamics, sociologie, groepsdynamiek",
author = "{van Orden}, {Claudia Y.D.} and Tony Gaillard and Bram Buunk",
year = "1998",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1037//0022-3514.75.5.1179",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "1179--1190",
journal = "Journal of personality and social psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association",
number = "5",

}

Social loafing under fatigue. / van Orden, Claudia Y.D.; Gaillard, Tony; Buunk, Bram .

In: Journal of personality and social psychology, Vol. 75, No. 5, 11.1998, p. 1179-1190.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social loafing under fatigue

AU - van Orden, Claudia Y.D.

AU - Gaillard, Tony

AU - Buunk, Bram

PY - 1998/11

Y1 - 1998/11

N2 - In 2 experiments, 64 male students worked almost continuously for 20 hr without sleep under varying social conditions. In Experiment 1, participants worked either individually or as a group. As hypothesized, performance deteriorated over time, especially in the group condition, which allowed participants to loaf. In Experiment 2, all participants worked in groups. They were instructed that public feedback would be provided either on the group result only or on the individual results of all group members. As expected, when individual results were made public, performance deteriorated less. Overall, the data suggest that fatigue increases social loafing. However, both individualizing the task and providing public individual feedback seem to counteract these effects.

AB - In 2 experiments, 64 male students worked almost continuously for 20 hr without sleep under varying social conditions. In Experiment 1, participants worked either individually or as a group. As hypothesized, performance deteriorated over time, especially in the group condition, which allowed participants to loaf. In Experiment 2, all participants worked in groups. They were instructed that public feedback would be provided either on the group result only or on the individual results of all group members. As expected, when individual results were made public, performance deteriorated less. Overall, the data suggest that fatigue increases social loafing. However, both individualizing the task and providing public individual feedback seem to counteract these effects.

KW - sociology

KW - fatigue

KW - group dynamics

KW - sociologie

KW - groepsdynamiek

U2 - 10.1037//0022-3514.75.5.1179

DO - 10.1037//0022-3514.75.5.1179

M3 - Article

VL - 75

SP - 1179

EP - 1190

JO - Journal of personality and social psychology

JF - Journal of personality and social psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 5

ER -