Size matters: pitch dimensions constrain inter-team distances and surface area difference in small-sided soccer games

Wouter Frencken, Jorrit van der Plaats, Chris Visscher, Koen Lemmink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Pitch size varies in official soccer matches and differently sized pitches are adopted for tactical purposes in small-sided training games. Since interactive team behaviour emerges under con- straints, the authors evaluate the effect of pitch size (task) manipulations on interactive team behaviour in small-sided soccer games. Four 4-a-side (plus goalkeepers) small-sided games were played: a reference game (30×20 m), length manipulation (24×20 m), width manipulation (30×16 m), and a combina- tion (24×16 m). Using position data (100Hz), three measures quantifying the teams’ interaction were calculated: longitudinal inter-team distance, lateral inter-team distance, and surface area difference. Means and standard deviations, correlations and coupling values were calculated. Running correlations were calculated over a 3-s window to evaluate interaction patterns. As expected, a shorter pitch results in smaller longitudinal inter-team distance, lateral inter-team distance decreased for narrow pitches, and smaller total playing area resulted in decreased surface area. Unanticipated, a crossover effect was present; length and width manipulations also triggered changes in lateral and longitudinal direction respectively. Inter-team distances and surface area difference differed significantly across conditions. Interaction patterns differed across conditions for all measures. So, highly tactically relevant, soccer teams seem to adapt their interactive behaviour according to pitch size in small-sided games. DOI: 10.1007/s11424-013-2284-1
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-93
JournalJournal of systems science and complexity
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • constraints
  • dynamics
  • performance analysis
  • small sided games
  • tactics

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