Parenting and psychiatric rehabilitation: can parents with severe mental illness benefit from a new approach?

Peter van der Ende, L. Korevaar, J.T. van Busschbach, Joanne Nicholson, J. van Weeghel

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Abstract: Objective: The aim of this pilot implementation study was to explore the initial experiences with and
impact of Parenting with Success and Satisfaction (PARSS), a psychiatric rehabilitation and recoverybased,
guided self-help intervention, for parents with severe mental illnesses. Methods: Changes in the PARSS intervention group were compared with changes in a control group in a nonequivalent controlgroup design. Outcome measures included: parenting satisfaction reported by parents; parenting success reported by mental health practitioners and family members; empowerment as reported by parents, practitioners and family members; and parents’ reported quality of life. Additional process data were obtained on relationship with practitioner, quality of contact, satisfaction with the intervention and fidelity. Results: Parenting satisfaction increased after 1 year for the PARSS group, but not for the control group. Parents’ reports of empowerment did not change for either group. The scores of parents’ empowerment reported by practitioners and family members increased in the control group, with no such change in the PARSS group. Quality of life improved significantly for the intervention group. Process measures showed that, although PARSS was not always implemented as intended, both parents and practitioners expressed satisfaction with the intervention. Conclusions and Implications for Practice: The first experiences with PARSS were mixed. This intervention, implemented by mental health practitioners, has the potential to function as a useful tool for supporting parents. Attention must be paid to enhancing intervention implementation and fidelity.
doi: 10.1037/prj0000067
PMID: 24866839
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-208
JournalPsychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • parenting
  • rehabilitation
  • intervention
  • psychiatry
  • pilot
  • implementation study


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