New vortex-lift and tangential-force models for HAWT aerodynamic load prediction

Moutaz Elgammi, Gerard Schepers, Salem Osta-Oma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Horizontal axis wind turbines (HAWTs) experience three-dimensional rotational and unsteady aerodynamic phenomena at the rotor blades sections. These highly
unsteady three-dimensional effects have a dramatic impact on the aerodynamic load distributions on the blades, in particular, when they occur at high angles of attack due to stall delay and dynamic stall. Unfortunately, there is no complete understanding of the flow physics yet at these unsteady 3D flow conditions, and hence, the existing published theoretical models are often incapable of modelling the impact on the turbine response realistically. The purpose of this paper is to provide an insight on the combined influence of the stall delay and dynamic stall on the blade load history of wind turbines in controlled and uncontrolled conditions. New dynamic stall vortex and nonlinear tangential force coefficient modules, which integrally take into account the three dimensional rotational effect, are also proposed in this paper. This module along with the unsteady influence of turbulent wind speed and tower shadow is implemented in a blade element momentum (BEM) model to estimate the aerodynamic loads on a rotating blade more accurately. This work presents an important step to help modelling the combined influence of the stall delay and dynamic stall on
the load history of the rotating wind turbine blades which is vital to have lighter turbine blades and improved wind turbine design systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-16
JournalWind Energy
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2020



  • wind energy
  • wind turbines
  • tower shadow
  • unsteady aerodynamic loads
  • renewable energy

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