Musicians in the 21st century – changing perspectives

Rineke Smilde

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review


    In this article I will address the changes and innovations in the music profession in Europe which are faced by our students and graduates, as well as new developments in their music careers. We will look into the question of what musicians’ changing needs are and will then show how conservatoires in Europe respond to them. Consequently the various roles that musicians have within their changing career patterns and the profession will be addressed and an example will be given through the description of an emerging career type, that of the (performing and educating) musician who is engaged with new audiences in various social contexts, in other venues than the traditional concert venues. This will be followed by an exploration of the joint master programme New Audiences and Innovative Practice, which has been developed with a number of music academies in Europe and the USA and in which this particular type of musician and practice are central. The article will then finish by exploring the interconnection between the performing and educational roles of today’s musicians, the question of how these two inform each other and how this can lead to the strengthening of musicians’ learning processes. Lastly I will reflect on what these developments mean for curricula in the music academy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationProfessional musician
    Subtitle of host publicationbetween art, education and management
    EditorsMałgorzata Sternal
    Place of PublicationKraków
    PublisherAkademia Muzyczna w Krakowie
    ISBN (Print)978-83-62743-56-8
    Publication statusPublished - 2017


    • lifelong learning
    • music
    • musicians


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