Marital status, quality of life, and clinical outcome in patients with heart failure

Marie Louise Luttik, Tiny Jaarsma, Nic Veeger, Dirk J van Veldhuisen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

AIM: This study investigated the impact of having a partner on quality of life (QoL), the number of hospital readmissions, and 9-month survival in patients with heart failure (HF).

METHODS: The study population consisted of hospitalized patients with HF. QoL was measured by the Cantril Ladder of Life (0-10) during hospital admission. Clinical data, readmission rate, and number of deaths were registered by patient interview and chart review.

RESULTS: Of the 179 patients, 96 (54%) were married or were living with a partner. Differences in QoL between married patients and those living alone were most pronounced with regard to future expectations of QoL (6.5 vs 5.0, P=.00). However, in a multivariate model QoL was primarily associated with socioeconomic status, age, and gender. Married patients had 12% less events in the 9-month follow-up period compared with patients living alone (P=not significant).

CONCLUSION: This study indicates that most patients with HF who are living alone are mostly elderly women with a low socioeconomic status, who are at risk for recurrent events and a worse QoL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-8
JournalHeart & lung : the journal of critical care
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jan 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aged
  • case-control studies
  • female
  • follow-up studies
  • heart failure
  • hospitalization
  • humans
  • Inpatients
  • male
  • marital status
  • multivariate analysis
  • quality of life
  • socioeconomic factors
  • survival rate
  • treatment outcome
  • journal article
  • research support, non-U.S. Gov't

Cite this

Luttik, Marie Louise ; Jaarsma, Tiny ; Veeger, Nic ; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J. / Marital status, quality of life, and clinical outcome in patients with heart failure. In: Heart & lung : the journal of critical care. 2006 ; Vol. 35, No. 1. pp. 3-8.
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Marital status, quality of life, and clinical outcome in patients with heart failure. / Luttik, Marie Louise; Jaarsma, Tiny; Veeger, Nic; van Veldhuisen, Dirk J.

In: Heart & lung : the journal of critical care, Vol. 35, No. 1, 24.01.2006, p. 3-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Marital status, quality of life, and clinical outcome in patients with heart failure

AU - Luttik, Marie Louise

AU - Jaarsma, Tiny

AU - Veeger, Nic

AU - van Veldhuisen, Dirk J

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N2 - AIM: This study investigated the impact of having a partner on quality of life (QoL), the number of hospital readmissions, and 9-month survival in patients with heart failure (HF).METHODS: The study population consisted of hospitalized patients with HF. QoL was measured by the Cantril Ladder of Life (0-10) during hospital admission. Clinical data, readmission rate, and number of deaths were registered by patient interview and chart review.RESULTS: Of the 179 patients, 96 (54%) were married or were living with a partner. Differences in QoL between married patients and those living alone were most pronounced with regard to future expectations of QoL (6.5 vs 5.0, P=.00). However, in a multivariate model QoL was primarily associated with socioeconomic status, age, and gender. Married patients had 12% less events in the 9-month follow-up period compared with patients living alone (P=not significant).CONCLUSION: This study indicates that most patients with HF who are living alone are mostly elderly women with a low socioeconomic status, who are at risk for recurrent events and a worse QoL.

AB - AIM: This study investigated the impact of having a partner on quality of life (QoL), the number of hospital readmissions, and 9-month survival in patients with heart failure (HF).METHODS: The study population consisted of hospitalized patients with HF. QoL was measured by the Cantril Ladder of Life (0-10) during hospital admission. Clinical data, readmission rate, and number of deaths were registered by patient interview and chart review.RESULTS: Of the 179 patients, 96 (54%) were married or were living with a partner. Differences in QoL between married patients and those living alone were most pronounced with regard to future expectations of QoL (6.5 vs 5.0, P=.00). However, in a multivariate model QoL was primarily associated with socioeconomic status, age, and gender. Married patients had 12% less events in the 9-month follow-up period compared with patients living alone (P=not significant).CONCLUSION: This study indicates that most patients with HF who are living alone are mostly elderly women with a low socioeconomic status, who are at risk for recurrent events and a worse QoL.

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KW - mensen

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KW - mannelijk

KW - burgerlijke staat

KW - multivariabele analyse

KW - kwaliteit van leven

KW - sociaaleconomische factoren

KW - overlevingskans

KW - behandelingsresultaat

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SN - 1527-3288

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