Lokale kopers in het Gronings aardbevingsgebied

Translated title of the contribution: Local homebuyers in the Groningen earthquake region

Research output: Book/ReportReportAcademic


The earthquakes after the natural gas extraction in the Groningen region of the Netherlands have a significant impact on the housing market and sustainability of the communities. Since the strongest earthquake around the community of Huizinge in August 2012, with a magnitude of 3.6 on the Richter scale, it became clear there is a relation between natural gas extraction and earthquakes due to soil subsidence. As a consequence houses in the region get damaged and after research it is obvious that housing prices decline and the region might become unattractive to potential buyers of houses. Therefore the Dutch Petroleum Company (NAM) since April 29th 2014 offers a compensation for the loss of the housing price to property owners who want to sell their home. Since the compensation has been introduced, the number of participants of the regulation is lacking behind the actual sales of houses.

Our study aims to contribute to the research on the consequences of earthquakes by natural gas mining on the real estate market in the Groningen region. First of all we want to declare why relatively a large part of the property owners (about 60% until 2015) don’t request for the compensation regulation. Our second question concerns the buyers of the (damaged) houses in the earthquake area. Who are these buyers? Why would they buy a home in a region full of risks?

We use a mixed-method approach for data collection which leads to an analysis of a unique dataset on notarial deeds of house sales in nine municipalities in the Groningen earthquake region according to The Land Registry of the Netherlands during the period 2013 until 2015 as well as discovering common patterns of interview results with residents and experts.

First results show the majority of the homebuyers originate from the local earthquake area in the Province of Groningen. Reasons why property sellers after the house sale don’t opt for the compensation regulation concerns the complexity of the regulation, the used valuation model and the expected long control time afterwards.
We conclude the Groningen earthquake region still has it’s attractiveness for local residents and buyers. Otherwise the regulation for compensation doesn’t reach enough property sellers in the Groningen earthquake region.

Advise to the Dutch government should be to generously compensate the residents of the Groningen earthquake regions for the loss of the value of their dwellings, damaged or not. This will help to improve the regional development and attractiveness of areas that are effected by earthquakes.
Translated title of the contributionLocal homebuyers in the Groningen earthquake region
Original languageDutch
Place of PublicationGroningen
PublisherInstitute of Real Estates Studies
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9789082707632
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 20 Sept 2018
Event2018 CIRRE Conference: 3rd Conference of Interdisciplinary Research on Real Estate - Hanze UAS Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
Duration: 20 Sept 201821 Sept 2018

Publication series

SeriesCIRRE Conference 2018 Book of Abstracts


  • Groningen (province)
  • earthquakes
  • gas mining
  • compensation

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