The creation of artifacts is one of the factors that make us human. Artifacts contribute to our continual adaptation to the world by permitting better knowledge and control of it. The focus of this chapter is on the role of one specific kind of artifact: sensors. In contrast to our immediate perception of the world from our senses, sensors provide large amount of reliable measurements of the physical world that enhance human cognitive capacities in overcoming our perceptual limitations. However, “raw” sensor data require interpretation that relies on different types of expertise and knowledge to provide relevant meaning for human (adaptive) purposes. We suggest that a cognitive approach to understanding the differences between the different types of knowledge provided by current sensors as artifacts and the human senses is of interest. This approach questions the conception of human cognition as an analytic system of processing information from the world rather than as one which interprets and gives meanings to the world. We posit that understanding the differences between human and artificial sensors can shape a new era of technological advancement that is uniquely collaborative insofar as it would rely on the partnership of scientists working in the Humanities and in the Natural Sciences. In this article we provide some data from cognitive research that outline the beginnings of a pluridisciplinary endeavor to conceive sensors which integrate performances of artifacts and the diversity and richness of human cognition, with the goal of transforming so-called “intelligent” devices into cognitive sensors.
|Title of host publication||The world in prismatic views|
|Publisher||World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte Ltd|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- sensor technology