Implementing the Flipped Classroom: An exploration of study behaviour and student performance

Anja J. Boevé, Rob R. Meijer, Roel J. Bosker, Jorien Vugteveen, Rink Hoekstra, Casper Albers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The flipped classroom is becoming more popular as a means to support student learning in higher education by requiring students to prepare before lectures and actively engaging students during lectures. While some research has been conducted into student performance in the flipped classroom, students’ study behaviour throughout a flipped course has not been investigated. This study explored students’ study behaviour throughout a flipped and a regular course by means of bi-weekly diaries. Furthermore, student references to their learning regulation were explored in course evaluations. Results from the diaries showed that students’ study behaviour in the flipped course did not appear to be very different from that of students in a regular course. Furthermore, study behaviour did not appear strongly related to student performance in both the flipped and the regular course. Exploration of student references to their learning regulation in the course evaluations showed that some students experienced the flipped course design as intended to support their learning process. Other students, however, demonstrated resistance to changing their study behaviour even though changing study behaviour is expected in order to benefit from the flipped classroom. Further research on the relationship between students’ learning regulation and actual study behaviour and course results is necessary to understand when and why implementing the flipped classroom is successful. Recommendations that may help more effective flipped classroom implementation include considering the prior history between students and instructor(s), the broader curriculum context, and frequent expectation communication especially with large numbers of students and non-mandatory lecture attendance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1015-1032
Number of pages18
JournalHigher Education
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • college students
  • engagement
  • student performance
  • flipped classroom
  • study behaviour
  • learning regulation
  • higher education


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