micromanipulated filament. The abundance of filamentous Bacteroidetes was determined in 126 industrial samples applying already published and the newly developed probes. Small populations were found in 62 % of the WWTP investigated. However, only relatively few WWTP (13 %) contained large populations of filamentous Bacteroidetes potentially responsible for
bulking incidences. The identity of the most abundant filamentous Bacteroidetes with H. hydrossis morphology could be detected by probes CFB719, SAP-309 and the newly designed probe HHY-654. A comprehensive study on the ecophysiology of probe-defined Bacteroidetes populations was conducted on Danish and Czech samples. The studies revealed that they were specialized bacteria involved in degradation of sugars, e.g. glucose and N-acetylglucosamine, and may participate in the conversion of lipopolysaccharides and peptidoglycan liberated by decaying cells. Many surface-associated exo-enzymes were excreted, e.g. chitinase, glucuronidase, esterase and phosphatase, supporting conversion of polysaccharides and possibly other released cell components. The role of filamentous bacteria with a H. hydrossis-like
morphology in the activated sludge ecosystem is discussed.
- filamentous bacteria
- activated sludge plants