Hip fracture patients in geriatric rehabilitation show poor nutritional status, dietary intake and muscle health

Inge Groenendijk, Charlotte S. Kramer, Laura M. Den Boeft, Hans S.M. Hobbelen, Gert Jan van der Putten, Lisette C.P.G.M. de Groot

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to gain insight into the nutritional status, dietary intake and muscle health of older Dutch hip fracture patients to prevent recurrent fractures and to underpin rehabilitation programs. This cross-sectional study enrolled 40 hip fracture patients (mean ± SD age 82 ± 8.0 years) from geriatric rehabilitation wards of two nursing homes in the Netherlands. Assessments included nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment), dietary intake on three non-consecutive days which were compared with Dietary Reference Intake values, and handgrip strength. Muscle mass was measured using Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis and ultrasound scans of the rectus femoris. Malnutrition or risk of malnutrition was present in 73% of participants. Mean energy, protein, fibre and polyunsaturated fat intakes were significantly below the recommendations, while saturated fat was significantly above the UL. Protein intake was
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages13
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • dietary intake
  • energy
  • geriatric rehabilitation
  • handgrip strength
  • hip fracture
  • muscles
  • nutritional status
  • protein

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    Groenendijk, I., Kramer, C. S., Den Boeft, L. M., Hobbelen, H. S. M., van der Putten, G. J., & de Groot, L. C. P. G. M. (2020). Hip fracture patients in geriatric rehabilitation show poor nutritional status, dietary intake and muscle health. Nutrients, 12(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092528