Future of cluster developments: lessons from Energy Valley, the Netherlands

Research output: Ph.D. ThesisPhD Research internal, graduation external

731 Downloads (Pure)


The research explored how a Dutch energy cluster embedded within a larger context of European and global developments reflected complex dynamics due to changes in its context. The case study explored Energy Valley of the Netherlands, a peripheral region that meets the challenge of energy transition, regional development and national economic interests. The research engaged complex adaptive systems approach to gain insights into complex cluster dynamics to contribute to cluster study and policy.

The research captured insights into increased complexity of an energy cluster due to energy transition and other developments in the cluster context, exacerbated by differences in perceptions and responses of stakeholders to the new challenges. Findings on cluster developments included insights into cluster context, cluster condition, cluster dynamics and cluster transformations, and the interconnectedness of such developments based on Energy Valley and supplementary cases of Karlstad and Silicon Valley. The research findings led to insights into cluster systems developments and a model capturing cluster emergence.

The research contributed to cluster theory by developing a CAS approach for cluster study that developed a whole systems approach to understand cluster dynamics, offering to the field of cluster study a qualitative understanding of cluster systems developments. Insights into interconnected developments at the micro, macro and inter-systemic levels, and into energy clusters in the context of energy transition were results of the research. The broad scope and nature of the study meant limitations were inherent and therefore recommendations for future research were included. EU Cluster Policy motivated the research and hence recommendations for policy developments were also part of the research contribution
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • London South Bank University
  • Lloyd, Bruce, Supervisor, External person
  • van Gemert, Wim, Supervisor
  • de Graaf, Frank Jan, Supervisor, External person
Award date26 Jul 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Nov 2017


  • energy clusters
  • netherlands


Dive into the research topics of 'Future of cluster developments: lessons from Energy Valley, the Netherlands'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this