Exploring the differences of undergraduate students’ perceptual learning styles in international business study

Ning Ding, Wei Lin

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More than 45,000 international students are now studying for bachelor programs in the Netherlands. The number of Asian students increased dramatically in the past decade. The current research aims at examining the differences between Western European and Asian students’ perceptual learning styles, and exploring the relationships between students’ learning styles and their academic achievements in international business (IB) study. One hundred and seventy-two students from a Dutch university participated in the survey research. Western European students significantly outperformed Asian students
in academic performances. Significant differences in learning styles were also found between Western Europeans and Asian students in English, second language, business subjects, and group project learning. Besides, in comparison with Asian students, Western European students preferred
to learn from hearing words, taking notes of lectures, and getting involved in some classroom experiences such as role-playing. They may benefit more from lecture-based subjects than Asian students.
Based on the findings, practical recommendations are offered for instructors in international higher education
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-324
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of teaching in international business
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2013



  • higher education
  • international business
  • learning styles

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