Expanding career options

Rineke Smilde

    Research output: Other contributionOther research output

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    The musical landscape in Europe shows a complex picture. Societal change leads to change in the careers of artists. We see an increasing number of unstable jobs in the music profession. It no longer offers many opportunities for full-time, long-term contract work, but is often more project-based, calling on musicians to contribute on a sporadic basis or for specific activities. Many graduates employ themselves as freelance artists.
    Rarely employed in one job for life, the musician is increasingly an entrepreneur having a portfolio career, comprising simultaneous or successive, brief or part-time periods of employment in different areas of the music profession. Having a portfolio career does not mean that a musician is not employable; rather this reality reflects societal change and also creates, sometimes exciting, challenges. Exact figures of musicians holding a portfolio career are not known. We may assume that the increase of portfolio careers is substantial through contacts held with alumni and alumni research carried out by a number of European conservatories.
    Holding a portfolio career with overlapping activities in the broad professional
    practice requires the musician to have many roles at the same time
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages5
    Publication statusPublished - 2009


    • music
    • musicians
    • conservatoires
    • portfolio career


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