Epidemiology and trends in severe burns in the Netherlands

Dutch Burn Repository group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to characterize the epidemiology of severe burns in the Netherlands, including trends in burn centre admissions, non burn centre admissions and differences by age.

METHODS: Patients with burn-related primary admission in a Dutch centre from 1995 to 2011 were included. Nationwide prospectively collected data were used from three separate historical databases and the uniform Dutch Burn Repository R3 (2009 onwards). General hospital data were derived from the National Hospital Discharge Register. Age and gender-adjusted rates were calculated by direct standardization, using the 2005 population as the reference standard.

RESULTS: The annual number of admitted patients increased from 430 in 1995 to 747 in 2011, incidence rates increased from 2.72 to 4.66 per 100,000. Incidence rates were high in young children, aged 0-4 years and doubled from 10.26 to 22.96 per 100,000. Incidence rates in persons from 5 up to 59 increased as well, in older adults (60 years and older) admission rates were stable. Overall burn centre mortality rate was 4.1%, and significantly decreased over time. There was a trend towards admissions of less extensive burns, median total burned surface area (TBSA) decreased from 8% to 4%. Length of stay and length of stay per percent TBSA decreased over time as well.

CONCLUSIONS: Data on 9031 patients admitted in a 17-year period showed an increasing incidence rate of burn-related burn centre admissions, with a decreasing TBSA and decreasing in-burn centre mortality. These data are important for prevention and establishment of required burn care capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1406-1414
Number of pages9
JournalBurns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • age factors
  • gender factors
  • age distribution
  • body surface area
  • burn units
  • burns
  • trends
  • epidemiology
  • factual databases
  • hospitalization
  • hospitalisation
  • Incidence
  • Netherlands
  • severity of illness index

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