Early detection and prevention of adolescent alcohol use: Parenting and psychosocial factors

Research output: Ph.D. ThesisPhD Research external, graduation internal

Abstract

Alcohol use among adolescents has become a major public health concern over the past decade. This alcohol use is associated with various other problems, therefore it is important to detect at-risk adolescents as a starting point for interventions. The main aim of this thesis is to identify determinants of adolescent alcohol use. Furthermore, determinants of multiple health risk behaviors were studied. The studies described in this thesis were embedded within the TRAILS (TRacking Adolescents’ Individual Lives Survey) study. TRAILS is a large prospective cohort study of the psychological, social and psychical development of children into adulthood. The TRAILS study started in 2001 when the children were aged 10-12 years.
The results of this thesis show that parenting is a determinant for adolescent alcohol use. Furthermore, Self-control, aggressive behavior, alcohol use of friends and various socio-demographic characteristics were predictive for alcohol use. Low self-control does not increase the risk of alcohol use, but does increase the risk of alcohol abuse and multiple health risk behaviors. Although some aspects of parenting were found to be predictive for adolescent alcohol use, the effects were small. The results show that in future research on determinants for alcohol use by adolescents a distinction should be made between specific patterns of alcohol use and that the association with other health risk behaviors should be studied. The same holds true for the development of preventive intervention programs. Further increase of the cooperation between schools and Preventive Child Healthcare may increase the efficiency of these programs.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Rijksuniversiteit Groningen
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Reijneveld, Sijmen A, Supervisor, External person
  • de Winter, Andrea F., Supervisor, External person
Award date22 Sep 2014
Print ISBNs978-90-367-7178-8
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Keywords

  • alcohol use
  • adolescents

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