Do activity monitors increase physical activity in adults with overweight or obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Herman J. de Vries, Thea Kooiman, Miriam van Ittersum, Marco van Brussel, Martijn de Groot

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Abstract

Objective: To systematically assess contemporary knowledge regarding behavioral physical activity interventions including an activity monitor (BPAI+) in adults with overweight or obesity.
Methods: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, CENTRAL and PEDro were searched for eligible full text articles up to July 1st 2015. Studies eligible for inclusion were (randomized) controlled trials describing physical activity outcomes in adults with overweight or obesity. Methodological quality was independently assessed employing the Cochrane Collaboration's tool for risk of bias. PROSPERO registration: CRD42015024086.
Results: Fourteen studies (1157 participants) were included for systematic review and eleven for meta-analysis. A positive trend in BPAI+ effects on several measures of physical activity was ascertained compared to both waitlist or usual care (WL/UC) and behavioral physical activity interventions without an activity monitor (BPAI-). No convincing evidence of BPAI+ effectiveness on weight loss was found compared to BPAI-.
Conclusions: Behavioral physical activity interventions with an activity monitor increase physical activity in adults with overweight or obesity. Also, adding an activity monitor to behavioral physical activity interventions appears to increase the effect on physical activity, although current evidence has not yet provided conclusive evidence for its effectiveness.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventSupporting Health by Technology VII 2016: Personalized Healthcare, Persuasive Coaching using Technology - Euroborg, Groningen, Netherlands
Duration: 27 May 2016 → …
Conference number: 7th
http://healthbytech.com/

Conference

ConferenceSupporting Health by Technology VII 2016
CountryNetherlands
CityGroningen
Period27/05/16 → …
Internet address

Keywords

  • activity trackers
  • obesity
  • physical activity

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    de Vries, H. J., Kooiman, T., van Ittersum, M., van Brussel, M., & de Groot, M. (2016). Do activity monitors increase physical activity in adults with overweight or obesity? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Poster session presented at Supporting Health by Technology VII 2016, Groningen, Netherlands.