BACKGROUND: Differentiating dementia from baseline level of functioning is difficult among people with severe/profound intellectual (and multiple) disabilities. Moreover, studies on observable dementia symptoms are scarce. This study examined (a) the relevance of dementia diagnosis, (b) observable symptoms and (c) training/information needs.
METHODS: Four explorative focus groups were held with care professionals and family members who have experience with people with severe/profound intellectual (and multiple) disabilities (≥40 years) and decline/dementia.
RESULTS: Thematic analysis showed that participants wanted to know about a dementia diagnosis for a better understanding and to be able to make informed choices (question 1). Using a categorisation matrix, cognitive and behavioural changes were shown to be most prominent (question 2). Participants indicated that they needed enhanced training, more knowledge development and translation, and supportive organisational choices/policies (question 3).
CONCLUSIONS: Timely identifying/diagnosing dementia allows for a timely response to changing needs. This requires a better understanding of symptoms.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities|
|Early online date||2 Jul 2021|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2021|
- down syndrome
- focus groups
- intellectual disabilities