Challenging obduracy: how local communities transform the energy system

Tineke van der Schoor, Harro van Lente, Bert Scholtens, Alexander Peine

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Paper discussing the contribution of local energy initiatives to the energy transition in the Netherlands.

New energy movement challenges present governance of energy system.
Sustainability and strengthening regional economy are primary goals.
Democratic cooperative model should safeguard citizen influence.
Grassroots innovation of energy system brought about by networks of motivated citizens.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-105
JournalEnergy Research and Social Science
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016


  • energy transition
  • local initiatives
  • renewable energy
  • community energy
  • cooperatives


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