Burns to the head and neck: epidemiology and predictors of surgery

Cornelis J Hoogewerf, Margriet E van Baar, M Jenda Hop, Monica C T Bloemen, Esther Middelkoop, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


BACKGROUND: The face is a frequent site of burn, but prevalence rates vary and reports are often limited to one healthcare setting. We examined the incidence of facial burns in the Netherlands in Emergency Departments (ED), hospitals and burn centres. Additionally, we identified which patient, injury and burn-related characteristics were predictors of facial burns, facial surgery and facial reconstruction in burn centres.

METHODS: A retrospective, observational study was conducted including data from the Dutch Injury Surveillance System, the National Hospital Discharge Register and burn centres in a 5-year period (2003-2007).

RESULTS: Facial burn incidences per 100,000 were 15.1 for ED visits, 1.3 for hospital admissions and 1.4 for burn centre admissions. A total of 2691 patients were admitted to Dutch burn centres; 47.5% (n=1277) had facial burns of which 20.5% received primary facial surgery and 5.3% received facial reconstruction in follow-up. Predictors of facial burns and facial surgery were identified. Predictors of facial reconstructive surgery were burns to the neck (ventral), fire/flame burns and number of facial surgeries in the acute phase of the burn.

CONCLUSIONS: One in five patients with facial burns admitted to a Dutch burn centre received primary facial surgery and 1 in 20 received facial reconstructive surgery within a follow-up of minimum 2 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1184-1192
Number of pages9
JournalBurns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2013


  • adolescent
  • adult
  • aged
  • burn units
  • burns/epidemiology
  • child
  • preschool
  • emergency service
  • Facial Injuries/epidemiology
  • female
  • humans
  • incidence
  • male
  • middle aged
  • neck injuries
  • Netherlands
  • reconstructive surgical procedures
  • retrospective studies
  • risk factors
  • young adults
  • statistics & numerical data
  • hospital


Dive into the research topics of 'Burns to the head and neck: epidemiology and predictors of surgery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this