Biogas infrastructures from farm to regional scale, prospects of biogas transport grids

Evert Jan Hengeveld, Jan Bekkering, Wim van Gemert, A.A. Broekhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The volume of biogas produced in agricultural areas is expected to increase in coming years. An increasing number of local and regional initiatives show a growing interest in decentralized energy production, wherein biogas can play a role. Biogas transport from production sites to user, i.e. a CHP, boiler or an upgrading installation, induces a scale advantage and an efficiency increase. Therefore the exploration of the costs and energy use of biogas transport using a dedicated infrastructure is needed. A model was developed to describe a regional biogas grid that is used to collect biogas from several digesters and deliver it to a central point. The model minimizes transport costs per volumetric unit of biogas in a region. Results are presented for different digester scales, different sizes of the biomass source area and two types of grid lay-out: a star lay-out and a fishbone lay-out. The model shows that transport costs in a fishbone lay-out are less than 10 Vct m3 for a digester scale of 100 m3 h1; for the star lay-outcosts can go up to 45 Vct m3. For 1800 m3 h1 digesters, these values are 4.0 Vct m3 and 6.1 Vct m3, respectively. The results indicate that cooperation between biogas producers in collecting biogas by means of a fishbone lay-out reduces the biogas transport costs relative to using a star lay-out. Merging smaller digesters into a smaller number of larger ones reduces the costs of biogas transport for the same biomass source area.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-52
JournalBiomass and bioenergy
Volume86
Issue numberMarch
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2016

Keywords

  • biogas grid
  • star lay-out
  • fishbone lay-out
  • transport costs
  • biogas transport

Cite this

@article{da07c772246e4beda9a2833554c1e921,
title = "Biogas infrastructures from farm to regional scale, prospects of biogas transport grids",
abstract = "The volume of biogas produced in agricultural areas is expected to increase in coming years. An increasing number of local and regional initiatives show a growing interest in decentralized energy production, wherein biogas can play a role. Biogas transport from production sites to user, i.e. a CHP, boiler or an upgrading installation, induces a scale advantage and an efficiency increase. Therefore the exploration of the costs and energy use of biogas transport using a dedicated infrastructure is needed. A model was developed to describe a regional biogas grid that is used to collect biogas from several digesters and deliver it to a central point. The model minimizes transport costs per volumetric unit of biogas in a region. Results are presented for different digester scales, different sizes of the biomass source area and two types of grid lay-out: a star lay-out and a fishbone lay-out. The model shows that transport costs in a fishbone lay-out are less than 10 Vct m3 for a digester scale of 100 m3 h1; for the star lay-outcosts can go up to 45 Vct m3. For 1800 m3 h1 digesters, these values are 4.0 Vct m3 and 6.1 Vct m3, respectively. The results indicate that cooperation between biogas producers in collecting biogas by means of a fishbone lay-out reduces the biogas transport costs relative to using a star lay-out. Merging smaller digesters into a smaller number of larger ones reduces the costs of biogas transport for the same biomass source area.",
keywords = "biogas grid, star lay-out, fishbone lay-out, transport costs, biogas transport, biogasnetwerk, biogasleiding, transportkosten, biogastransport",
author = "Hengeveld, {Evert Jan} and Jan Bekkering and {van Gemert}, Wim and A.A. Broekhuis",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.01.005",
language = "English",
volume = "86",
pages = "43--52",
journal = "Biomass and bioenergy",
issn = "0961-9534",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "March",

}

Biogas infrastructures from farm to regional scale, prospects of biogas transport grids. / Hengeveld, Evert Jan; Bekkering, Jan; van Gemert, Wim; Broekhuis, A.A.

In: Biomass and bioenergy, Vol. 86, No. March, 30.01.2016, p. 43-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biogas infrastructures from farm to regional scale, prospects of biogas transport grids

AU - Hengeveld, Evert Jan

AU - Bekkering, Jan

AU - van Gemert, Wim

AU - Broekhuis, A.A.

PY - 2016/1/30

Y1 - 2016/1/30

N2 - The volume of biogas produced in agricultural areas is expected to increase in coming years. An increasing number of local and regional initiatives show a growing interest in decentralized energy production, wherein biogas can play a role. Biogas transport from production sites to user, i.e. a CHP, boiler or an upgrading installation, induces a scale advantage and an efficiency increase. Therefore the exploration of the costs and energy use of biogas transport using a dedicated infrastructure is needed. A model was developed to describe a regional biogas grid that is used to collect biogas from several digesters and deliver it to a central point. The model minimizes transport costs per volumetric unit of biogas in a region. Results are presented for different digester scales, different sizes of the biomass source area and two types of grid lay-out: a star lay-out and a fishbone lay-out. The model shows that transport costs in a fishbone lay-out are less than 10 Vct m3 for a digester scale of 100 m3 h1; for the star lay-outcosts can go up to 45 Vct m3. For 1800 m3 h1 digesters, these values are 4.0 Vct m3 and 6.1 Vct m3, respectively. The results indicate that cooperation between biogas producers in collecting biogas by means of a fishbone lay-out reduces the biogas transport costs relative to using a star lay-out. Merging smaller digesters into a smaller number of larger ones reduces the costs of biogas transport for the same biomass source area.

AB - The volume of biogas produced in agricultural areas is expected to increase in coming years. An increasing number of local and regional initiatives show a growing interest in decentralized energy production, wherein biogas can play a role. Biogas transport from production sites to user, i.e. a CHP, boiler or an upgrading installation, induces a scale advantage and an efficiency increase. Therefore the exploration of the costs and energy use of biogas transport using a dedicated infrastructure is needed. A model was developed to describe a regional biogas grid that is used to collect biogas from several digesters and deliver it to a central point. The model minimizes transport costs per volumetric unit of biogas in a region. Results are presented for different digester scales, different sizes of the biomass source area and two types of grid lay-out: a star lay-out and a fishbone lay-out. The model shows that transport costs in a fishbone lay-out are less than 10 Vct m3 for a digester scale of 100 m3 h1; for the star lay-outcosts can go up to 45 Vct m3. For 1800 m3 h1 digesters, these values are 4.0 Vct m3 and 6.1 Vct m3, respectively. The results indicate that cooperation between biogas producers in collecting biogas by means of a fishbone lay-out reduces the biogas transport costs relative to using a star lay-out. Merging smaller digesters into a smaller number of larger ones reduces the costs of biogas transport for the same biomass source area.

KW - biogas grid

KW - star lay-out

KW - fishbone lay-out

KW - transport costs

KW - biogas transport

KW - biogasnetwerk

KW - biogasleiding

KW - transportkosten

KW - biogastransport

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/biogas-infrastructures-farm-regional-scale-prospects-biogas-transport-grids

U2 - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.01.005

DO - 10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.01.005

M3 - Article

VL - 86

SP - 43

EP - 52

JO - Biomass and bioenergy

JF - Biomass and bioenergy

SN - 0961-9534

IS - March

ER -