Between legacy and legacy data: the heritage of a lost landscape around Custrumerium (North-Latium, Italy)

Jorn Seubers, Arend Jaco (Remco) Bronkhorst

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Archaeological field surveys from the 1970’s suggested that there was a considerable increase in the number of sites in the territories of Latin settlements such as Crustumerium, Fidenae, Ficulea and Collatia during the Orientalising and Archaic period (seventh and sixth century BC). As a consequence, there was a subsequent period of decreasing exploitation of the countryside from the end of the Early-Republican period onwards, when these territories fell under the influence of Rome. Although the data from the 1970’s surveys is both extensive and valuable, more recent data from the 1990’s surveys demonstrate that this model can no longer be retained. Moreover, the increased establishment of settlements during the Archaic period (the “Archaic boom”) was much less intense than previously thought. A critical reassessment of the dating evidence from all survey data necessitated the reconsideration of the chronological developments in the areas to the north-east of Rome in these periods. Instead of a period of growth followed by a period of decline, the data indicates a continuously increasing exploitation of the countryside from the Orientalising period until the Imperial period. In light of their analysis the authors emphasize the value of legacy data, but also stress the importance of a critical evaluation of the compatibility and quality of the source material.
Translated title of the contributionTussen legacy en legacy data: de erfenis van een verloren landschap rondom Crustumerium (Noord-Latium, Italië)
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-35
Number of pages7
JournalTijdschrift voor Mediterrane Archeologie
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Crustumerium


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