Balancing gas supply and demand with a sustainable gas supply chain: a study based on field data

Jan Bekkering, A. A. Broekhuis, Wim van Gemert, Evert Jan Hengeveld

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Abstract

The possibilities of balancing gas supply and demand with a green gas supply chain were analyzed. The considered supply chain is based on co-digestion of cow manure and maize, the produced biogas is upgraded to (Dutch) natural gas standards. The applicability of modeling yearly gas demand data in a geographical region by Fourier analysis was investigated. For a sine shape gas demand, three scenarios were further investigated: varying biogas production in time, adding gas storage to a supply chain, and adding a second digester to the supply chain which is assumed to be switched off during the summer months. A regional gas demand modeled by a sine function is reasonable for household type of users as well as for business areas, or a mixture of those. Of the considered scenarios, gas storage is by far the most expensive. When gas demand has to be met by a green gas supply chain, flexible biogas production is an interesting option. Further research in this direction might open interesting pathways to sustainable gas supply chains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-852
JournalApplied Energy
Volume111
Issue numberNovember
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

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Keywords

  • biogas
  • supply chain
  • sustainability
  • green gas
  • bio-methane
  • balancing supply and demand
  • gas storage

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