Balancing gas supply and demand with a sustainable gas supply chain: a study based on field data

Jan Bekkering, A. A. Broekhuis, Wim van Gemert, Evert Jan Hengeveld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The possibilities of balancing gas supply and demand with a green gas supply chain were analyzed. The considered supply chain is based on co-digestion of cow manure and maize, the produced biogas is upgraded to (Dutch) natural gas standards. The applicability of modeling yearly gas demand data in a geographical region by Fourier analysis was investigated. For a sine shape gas demand, three scenarios were further investigated: varying biogas production in time, adding gas storage to a supply chain, and adding a second digester to the supply chain which is assumed to be switched off during the summer months. A regional gas demand modeled by a sine function is reasonable for household type of users as well as for business areas, or a mixture of those. Of the considered scenarios, gas storage is by far the most expensive. When gas demand has to be met by a green gas supply chain, flexible biogas production is an interesting option. Further research in this direction might open interesting pathways to sustainable gas supply chains.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-852
JournalApplied Energy
Volume111
Issue numberNovember
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013

Fingerprint

Gas supply
gas supply
Supply chains
biogas
gas storage
Biogas
gas
Gases
geographical region
Geographical regions
digestion
manure
natural gas
Fourier analysis
Manures
maize
demand
supply and demand
Natural gas
summer

Keywords

  • biogas
  • supply chain
  • sustainability
  • green gas
  • bio-methane
  • balancing supply and demand
  • gas storage

Cite this

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title = "Balancing gas supply and demand with a sustainable gas supply chain: a study based on field data",
abstract = "The possibilities of balancing gas supply and demand with a green gas supply chain were analyzed. The considered supply chain is based on co-digestion of cow manure and maize, the produced biogas is upgraded to (Dutch) natural gas standards. The applicability of modeling yearly gas demand data in a geographical region by Fourier analysis was investigated. For a sine shape gas demand, three scenarios were further investigated: varying biogas production in time, adding gas storage to a supply chain, and adding a second digester to the supply chain which is assumed to be switched off during the summer months. A regional gas demand modeled by a sine function is reasonable for household type of users as well as for business areas, or a mixture of those. Of the considered scenarios, gas storage is by far the most expensive. When gas demand has to be met by a green gas supply chain, flexible biogas production is an interesting option. Further research in this direction might open interesting pathways to sustainable gas supply chains.",
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Balancing gas supply and demand with a sustainable gas supply chain : a study based on field data. / Bekkering, Jan; Broekhuis, A. A.; van Gemert, Wim; Hengeveld, Evert Jan.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 111, No. November, 06.2013, p. 842-852.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Broekhuis, A. A.

AU - van Gemert, Wim

AU - Hengeveld, Evert Jan

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KW - bio-methane

KW - balancing supply and demand

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