The possibilities of balancing gas supply and demand with a green gas supply chain were analyzed. The considered supply chain is based on co-digestion of cow manure and maize, the produced biogas is upgraded to (Dutch) natural gas standards. The applicability of modeling yearly gas demand data in a geographical region by Fourier analysis was investigated. For a sine shape gas demand, three scenarios were further investigated: varying biogas production in time, adding gas storage to a supply chain, and adding a second digester to the supply chain which is assumed to be switched off during the summer months. A regional gas demand modeled by a sine function is reasonable for household type of users as well as for business areas, or a mixture of those. Of the considered scenarios, gas storage is by far the most expensive. When gas demand has to be met by a green gas supply chain, flexible biogas production is an interesting option. Further research in this direction might open interesting pathways to sustainable gas supply chains.
- supply chain
- green gas
- balancing supply and demand
- gas storage
Bekkering, J., Broekhuis, A. A., van Gemert, W., & Hengeveld, E. J. (2013). Balancing gas supply and demand with a sustainable gas supply chain: a study based on field data. Applied Energy, 111(November), 842-852. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2013.05.073