Are Dutch patients willing to be seen by a physician assistant instead of a medical doctor?

Luppo Kuilman, Roos Nieweg, Cees van der Schans, Jaap H Strijbos, Roderick S Hooker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The employment of physician assistants (PAs) is a strategy to improve access to care. Since the new millennium, a handful of countries have turned to PAs as a means to bridge the growing gap between the supply and demand of medical services. However, little is known about this new workforce entity from the patient's perspective. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness of Dutch patients to be treated by a PA or a medical doctor (MD) under various time constraints and semi-urgent medical scenarios.

METHODS: A total of 450 Dutch adults were recruited to act as surrogate patients. A convenience sample was drawn from patients in a medical office waiting room in a general hospital awaiting their appointments. Each participant was screened to be naive as to what a PA and a nurse practitioner are and then read a definition of a PA and an MD. One of three medical scenarios was assigned to the participants in a patterned 1-2-3 strategy. Patients were required to make a trade-off decision of being seen after 1 hour by a PA or after 4 hours by a doctor. This forced-choice method continued with the same patient two more times with 30 minutes and 4 hours and another one of 2 hours versus 4 hours for the PA and MD, respectively.

RESULTS: Surrogate patients chose the PA over the MD 96 % to 98 % of the time (depending on the scenario). No differences emerged when analysed by gender, age, or parenthood status.

CONCLUSION: Willingness to be seen by a PA was tested a priori to determine whether surrogate Dutch patients would welcome this new health-care provider. The findings suggest that employing PAs, at least in concept, may be an acceptable strategy for improving access to care with this population.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalHuman resources for health
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • health care

Cite this

@article{25d8ac30ccd04e5b8ba76e7e39fc7d1c,
title = "Are Dutch patients willing to be seen by a physician assistant instead of a medical doctor?",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The employment of physician assistants (PAs) is a strategy to improve access to care. Since the new millennium, a handful of countries have turned to PAs as a means to bridge the growing gap between the supply and demand of medical services. However, little is known about this new workforce entity from the patient's perspective. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness of Dutch patients to be treated by a PA or a medical doctor (MD) under various time constraints and semi-urgent medical scenarios.METHODS: A total of 450 Dutch adults were recruited to act as surrogate patients. A convenience sample was drawn from patients in a medical office waiting room in a general hospital awaiting their appointments. Each participant was screened to be naive as to what a PA and a nurse practitioner are and then read a definition of a PA and an MD. One of three medical scenarios was assigned to the participants in a patterned 1-2-3 strategy. Patients were required to make a trade-off decision of being seen after 1 hour by a PA or after 4 hours by a doctor. This forced-choice method continued with the same patient two more times with 30 minutes and 4 hours and another one of 2 hours versus 4 hours for the PA and MD, respectively.RESULTS: Surrogate patients chose the PA over the MD 96 {\%} to 98 {\%} of the time (depending on the scenario). No differences emerged when analysed by gender, age, or parenthood status.CONCLUSION: Willingness to be seen by a PA was tested a priori to determine whether surrogate Dutch patients would welcome this new health-care provider. The findings suggest that employing PAs, at least in concept, may be an acceptable strategy for improving access to care with this population.",
keywords = "health care, gezondheidszorg",
author = "Luppo Kuilman and Roos Nieweg and {van der Schans}, Cees and Strijbos, {Jaap H} and Hooker, {Roderick S}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1186/1478-4491-10-28",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Human resources for health",
issn = "1478-4491",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

Are Dutch patients willing to be seen by a physician assistant instead of a medical doctor? / Kuilman, Luppo; Nieweg, Roos; van der Schans, Cees; Strijbos, Jaap H; Hooker, Roderick S.

In: Human resources for health, Vol. 10, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are Dutch patients willing to be seen by a physician assistant instead of a medical doctor?

AU - Kuilman, Luppo

AU - Nieweg, Roos

AU - van der Schans, Cees

AU - Strijbos, Jaap H

AU - Hooker, Roderick S

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - BACKGROUND: The employment of physician assistants (PAs) is a strategy to improve access to care. Since the new millennium, a handful of countries have turned to PAs as a means to bridge the growing gap between the supply and demand of medical services. However, little is known about this new workforce entity from the patient's perspective. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness of Dutch patients to be treated by a PA or a medical doctor (MD) under various time constraints and semi-urgent medical scenarios.METHODS: A total of 450 Dutch adults were recruited to act as surrogate patients. A convenience sample was drawn from patients in a medical office waiting room in a general hospital awaiting their appointments. Each participant was screened to be naive as to what a PA and a nurse practitioner are and then read a definition of a PA and an MD. One of three medical scenarios was assigned to the participants in a patterned 1-2-3 strategy. Patients were required to make a trade-off decision of being seen after 1 hour by a PA or after 4 hours by a doctor. This forced-choice method continued with the same patient two more times with 30 minutes and 4 hours and another one of 2 hours versus 4 hours for the PA and MD, respectively.RESULTS: Surrogate patients chose the PA over the MD 96 % to 98 % of the time (depending on the scenario). No differences emerged when analysed by gender, age, or parenthood status.CONCLUSION: Willingness to be seen by a PA was tested a priori to determine whether surrogate Dutch patients would welcome this new health-care provider. The findings suggest that employing PAs, at least in concept, may be an acceptable strategy for improving access to care with this population.

AB - BACKGROUND: The employment of physician assistants (PAs) is a strategy to improve access to care. Since the new millennium, a handful of countries have turned to PAs as a means to bridge the growing gap between the supply and demand of medical services. However, little is known about this new workforce entity from the patient's perspective. The objective of this study was to assess the willingness of Dutch patients to be treated by a PA or a medical doctor (MD) under various time constraints and semi-urgent medical scenarios.METHODS: A total of 450 Dutch adults were recruited to act as surrogate patients. A convenience sample was drawn from patients in a medical office waiting room in a general hospital awaiting their appointments. Each participant was screened to be naive as to what a PA and a nurse practitioner are and then read a definition of a PA and an MD. One of three medical scenarios was assigned to the participants in a patterned 1-2-3 strategy. Patients were required to make a trade-off decision of being seen after 1 hour by a PA or after 4 hours by a doctor. This forced-choice method continued with the same patient two more times with 30 minutes and 4 hours and another one of 2 hours versus 4 hours for the PA and MD, respectively.RESULTS: Surrogate patients chose the PA over the MD 96 % to 98 % of the time (depending on the scenario). No differences emerged when analysed by gender, age, or parenthood status.CONCLUSION: Willingness to be seen by a PA was tested a priori to determine whether surrogate Dutch patients would welcome this new health-care provider. The findings suggest that employing PAs, at least in concept, may be an acceptable strategy for improving access to care with this population.

KW - health care

KW - gezondheidszorg

U2 - 10.1186/1478-4491-10-28

DO - 10.1186/1478-4491-10-28

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Human resources for health

JF - Human resources for health

SN - 1478-4491

ER -