Anthropometry, muscular strength and aerobic capacity up to 5 years after pediatric burns

Laurien M Disseldorp, Leonora J Mouton, Lucas H V Van der Woude, Marco Van Brussel, Marianne K Nieuwenhuis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Physical functioning is of major importance after burns in many areas of life, in both the short and the long term. This cross-sectional study aimed to describe anthropometry, muscular strength and aerobic capacity in children and adolescents between 0.5-5 years after burns over 10% TBSA.

PROCEDURES: Assessments took place in a mobile exercise lab. Demographics, burn characteristics and anthropometrics were recorded. Muscular strength in six muscle groups was measured using hand-held dynamometry and aerobic capacity was measured with a graded cardiopulmonary exercise test. Subjects' scores were compared with Dutch age- and gender-matched norm values and converted to Z-scores.

RESULTS: The assessments were completed by 24 subjects with pediatric burns ranging from 10 to 41% TBSA and time after burn from 1 to 5 years (58.3% male; 6-18 years). On group level, no significant differences between the subjects' scores and norm values were found. No trends were seen indicating an effect of extent of burn or time after burn. Individually, eight subjects (33.3%), mostly aged 6 or 7, showed significantly low performance on at least one variable: seven for strength, one for aerobic capacity and one for both.

CONCLUSION: Anthropometry, muscular strength and aerobic capacity are adequate in the majority of Dutch children and adolescents 1-5 years after 10-41% TBSA burns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1839-1846
Number of pages8
JournalBurns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • anthropometry
  • body height
  • body surface area
  • body weight
  • burns
  • exercise tests
  • exercise tolerance
  • children
  • adolescents
  • muscle strength
  • oxygen consumption
  • physical fitness
  • trauma severity indices
  • waist circumference

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