BACKGROUND: Risk factors and mechanisms of injury may change over time. Since knowledge on aetiology of severe burn incidents in children under 5 years of age in the Netherlands is outdated, this study aimed to identify current risk factors and mechanisms of severe burn injury in children under 5 years of age in the Netherlands to direct future prevention campaigns.
METHODS: Information on personal-, environmental- and behavioural circumstances as well as the mechanism of burn injury was prospectively collected in all burn centres during one year from patient records and structured interviews with parents.
RESULTS: Boys around 18 months of age, who, while in upright position, pulled down a cup of hot tea over themselves, were overrepresented. Children in families with more children, having a migration background, living in urbanised neighborhoods or with a low socioeconomic status (SES) are at increased risk for severe burn injury. Most incidents happened in their own home with the parents in close proximity to the child.
CONCLUSION: Outcomes of this prospective cohort study provide up-to-date and extensive knowledge on the aetiology of severe burn incidents in children under 5 years of age in the Netherlands, and provide directions for prevention policy and campaigns.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Burns : journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries|
|Early online date||15 Jun 2021|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 2022|
- burn units
- Netherlands epidemiology
- prospective Studies
- burns epidemiology
- burns etiology
- burns prevention & control