A capital framework for professional learning and practice

Yi-Hwa Liou, Esther Canrinus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Efforts to improve teaching and learning in general are leading to wide variability in outcomes in different countries and areas, with similar investments and reforms focusing on the instrumental side of professional learning. A rapidly growing research literature has suggested the important role of social connectivity in the success of individual and organizational change and development. This paper draws on theories of human capital, social capital, social network, emotional capital, and research literature in this space to illuminate some of the complex components as related to professional learning.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Educational Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • social capital
  • human capital
  • emotional capital
  • teacher learning
  • professional development
  • social networks


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